Medically the review by Dena Westphalen, Pharm.D. — written by Julia Haskins — to update on July 2, 2019

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exactly how antacids work

Antacids space over-the-counter (OTC) medications that help neutralize stomach acid.

They work in different way from other acid reducers such together H2 receptor blockers and proton pump inhibitors (PPIs). Those drugs job-related by reducing or avoiding the secretion of stomach acid.

Antacids can be used to treat symptom of excess stomach acid, such as:

Antacids generally come in the complying with drug forms:

liquidchewable gummy or tablettablet that you dissolve in water come drink

Popular antacid brands include:

Antacids are frequently safe for most people. However, world with details medical conditions should talk with their doctors prior to taking particular antacids the contain aluminum hydroxide and magnesium carbonate.

For example, people with heart failure may have actually sodium restrictions to aid decrease fluid buildup. However, antacids frequently contain a most sodium. These world should ask your doctor prior to using antacids.

People with kidney failure may build a buildup that aluminum after using antacids. This have the right to lead to aluminum toxicity. Civilization with kidney failure likewise tend come have difficulties with electrolyte balance. All antacids save electrolytes, which can make electrolyte balance troubles worse.

Talk to her child’s doctor prior to giving your kid antacids. Children don’t typically build symptoms of overfill stomach acid, so their symptoms can be related to an additional condition.

Side results of antacids

Side results from antacids room rare. However, they have the right to occur, even when you use them follow to the directions.

Antacids deserve to either cause constipation or have a laxative effect. Some civilization have had actually allergic reactions. Antacids might additionally increase the risk of arising sensitivities to particular foods.

Side impacts from misuse

Many the the side impacts of antacids come from no taking them as directed.

Many antacids — including Maalox, Mylanta, Rolaids and also Tums — contain calcium. If you take too lot or take them for much longer than directed, you might get one overdose the calcium. Too lot calcium have the right to cause:

mental status changes

Excess calcium can also lead come alkalosis. In this condition, your body doesn’t make sufficient acid to duty properly.

If you feel favor you should use a lot of an antacid because that relief, that might be a sign of one more condition. If did you do it taken an antacid follow to the directions and also haven’t obtained relief, talk to her doctor.

drug interactions

Antacids can interfere v the role of various other drugs. If girlfriend take various other medications, examine with your doctor or pharmacist prior to using antacids.

Some antacids, such as Alka-Seltzer, save on computer aspirin. The Food and Drug administration issued a security alert about this kind of antacid in June 2016. This alert was issued due to the fact that of reports of serious bleeding regarded aspirin-containing antacids.

If girlfriend take one more medication that rises your hazard of bleeding, such together an anticoagulant or antiplatelet drug, you shouldn’t take these antacids.

Be sure to talk to her doctor prior to taking aspirin-containing antacids if you:

are older than 60 years old
as soon as to contact a doctor

Antacids can often relieve symptom of excess stomach acid. However, occasionally these symptoms median you have a more serious condition.

It’s important that friend know how to recognize these conditions and how come respond come them. An upset stomach could actually be gastroesophageal reflux condition (GERD) or a peptic ulcer.

Antacids deserve to only soothe, no cure, several of the symptom of these conditions. If you have actually severe pain the doesn’t get much better after making use of the encourage dosage the antacids for two weeks, speak to your doctor.

Some heart strike symptoms can likewise mimic stomach pains. You may be having actually a heart assault if you have severe chest pain the lasts longer than two minutes with any kind of of the following symptoms:

pain the radiates to her arms, shoulders, or jawvomiting or nausea

If friend think you might be enduring a love attack, contact 911 or your local emergency services.

See more: Can I Eat Peanut Butter With Gastritis, Desserts For Gastritis


If you have acid reflux or other symptoms led to by stomach acidity, acquire to understand your OTC medications.

Antacids neutralize the mountain that her stomach makes. This have the right to make you an ext comfortable. ~ above the various other hand, H2 receptor blockers and also PPIs deserve to block her stomach from making too lot acid. This can permit the damage in her stomach and esophagus to heal.

Ask your physician which is much better for you.

last medically reviewed on march 8, 2019


Medically the evaluation by Dena Westphalen, Pharm.D. — created by Julia Haskins — update on July 2, 2019

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