Komodo dragons have shark-like teeth and also poisonous gift that deserve to kill a human within hrs of a bite. However villagers who have lived for generations alongside the world's biggest lizard were no afraid — till the dragons began to attack.

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A Komodo dragon to walk on a coast on Komodo island, Indonesia, Thursday, April 30, 2009. Attacks on human beings by Komodo dragons — said to number at roughly 2,500 in the wild — are rare, yet seem to have actually increased in current years. Dita Alangkara / AP file
Komodo dragons have shark-like teeth and poisonous gift that have the right to kill a human within hrs of a bite. Yet villagers who have lived because that generations alongside the world"s biggest lizard were no afraid — until the dragons started to attack.

The stories spread out quickly across this smattering of tropical archipelago in southeastern Indonesia, the only ar the intimidated reptiles can still be uncovered in the wild: Two people were killed due to the fact that 2007 — a young boy and a fisherman — and others to be badly injured after gift charged unprovoked.


Komodo dragon attacks are still rare, professionals note. Yet fear is swirling through the fishing villages, together with questions ~ above how best to live with the dragon in the future.

Main, a 46-year-old park ranger, to be doing record work as soon as a dragon slithered increase the stairs of his wood hut in Komodo nationwide Park and went because that his ankles dangling beneath the desk. As soon as the ranger tried come pry open the beast"s powerful jaws, it locked that is teeth right into his hand.

"I assumed I wouldn"t survive... I"ve spent half my life working with Komodos and have never ever seen anything favor it," stated Main, pointing come his jagged gashes, sewn up with 55 stitches and still swollen 3 months later. "Luckily, mine friends heard mine screams and got me come hospital in time."


In this picture taken ~ above April 30, 2009, Main, a park ranger who made it through a komodo dragon strike shows his swollen hand in ~ his residence in Labuan Bajo, Indonesia. Attacks on humans by Komodo dragon _ claimed to number at about 2,500 in the wild _ are rare, but seem to have increased in current years. Komodo dragons have a fearsome reputation global because their shark-like teeth and also poisonous saliva can kill a human within job of a bite. (AP Photo/Dita Alangkara)Dita Alangkara / AP

Komodos, i m sorry are famous zoo exhibits native the United says to Europe, flourish to it is in 10 feet (3 meters) long and 150 pounds (70 kilograms). Every one of the approximated 2,500 left in the wild can be discovered within the 700-square-mile (1,810-square-kilometer) Komodo nationwide Park, greatly on the two biggest islands, Komodo and also Rinca. The lizards on bordering Padar were wiped out in the 1980s once hunters eliminated their main prey, deer.


Though poaching is illegal, the sheer size of the park — and also a shortage of rangers — provides it virtually impossible to patrol, said Heru Rudiharto, a biologist and reptile expert. Villagers say the dragons are hungry and more aggressive toward humans since their food is gift poached, despite park public official are quick to disagree.

The huge lizards have always been dangerous, said Rudiharto. Yet tame they might appear, lounging in ~ trees and also gazing at the sea native white-sand beaches, they space fast, solid and deadly.

The animals are thought to have actually descended native a bigger lizard on Indonesia"s key island Java or Australia approximately 30,000 year ago. They have the right to reach speed of approximately 18 mile (nearly 30 kilometers) every hour, their legs winding roughly their low, square shoulders favor egg beaters.

When they capture their prey, they carry out a frenzied biting main actor that publication venom, follow to a brand-new study this month in the journal Proceedings that the national Academy the Sciences. The authors, who offered surgically excised glands from a terminally okay dragon in ~ the Singapore Zoo, dismissed the concept that prey die from blood poisoning led to by toxic bacteria in the lizard"s mouth.


"The long, jaded teeth are the main weapons. They supply these deep, deep wounds," claimed Bryan fry of the university of Melbourne. "But the gift keeps the bleeding and further lowers the blood pressure, thus bringing the animal closer come unconsciousness."

Four world have been killed in the last 35 year (2009, 2007, 2000 and 1974) and also at the very least eight hurt in simply over a decade. But park public official say these numbers aren"t overly alarming offered the stable stream the tourists and also the 4,000 civilization who live in their midst.

"Any time there"s an attack, it gets a many attention," Rudiharto said. "But that"s just due to the fact that this lizard is exotic, archaic, and also can"t be discovered anywhere yet here."

Still, the recent assaults couldn"t have come at a worse time.


In this photograph taken top top April 29 2009, scientists catch a youth komodo dragon to placed an identification chip under that skin on Rinca island, Indonesia. Attacks on people by Komodo dragon _ said to number at around 2,500 in the wild _ are rare, however seem to have actually increased in current years. Komodo dragons have a fearsome reputation an international because your shark-like teeth and poisonous saliva can kill a human being within job of a bite. (AP Photo/Dita Alangkara)Dita Alangkara / AP

The federal government is campaigning hard to gain the park top top a new list of the 7 Wonders that Nature — a long shot, but an effort to at the very least raise awareness. The park"s rugged hills and savannahs are home to orange-footed scrub fowl, wild boar and tiny wild horses, and also the neighboring coral reefs and also bays harbor an ext than a dozen whale species, dolphins and also sea turtles.


Claudio Ciofi, that works in ~ the room of pet Biology and Genetics in ~ the college of Florence in Italy, said if komodos space hungry, they might be attracted to villages by the smell of drying fish and also cooking, and "encounters deserve to become much more frequent."


Villagers wish they knew the answer.

They speak they"ve constantly lived peacefully v Komodos. A popular traditional legend tells of a male who when married a dragon "princess." your twins, a person boy, Gerong, and a lizard girl, Orah, to be separated in ~ birth.


When Gerong prospered up, the story goes, he met a fierce-looking beast in the forest. However just as he was around to spear it, his mom appeared, revealing to him the the two were brother and sister.


"How might the dragons acquire so aggressive?" Hajj Amin, 51, taking long slow drags off his clove cigarettes, as other village elders gathering beneath a wooden house on stilts nodded. Number of dragons lingered nearby, drawn by the rancid smell of fish dry on bamboo mats beneath the blazing sun. Likewise strolling by to be dozens of goats and also chickens.

"They never used to assault us once we to walk alone in the forest, or attack our children," Amin said. "We"re all really worried around this."

The dragons eat 80 percent of your weight and also then go without food for several weeks. Amin and others speak the dragons space hungry partly due to the fact that of a 1994 plan that prohibits villagers indigenous feeding them.

"We offered to offer them the bones and skin of deer," said the fisherman.


Villagers recently sought permission to feeding wild boar to the Komodos numerous times a year, but park public official say that won"t happen.

"If we let people feed them, they will certainly just acquire lazy and also lose their ability to hunt," said Jeri Imansyah, one more reptile expert. "One day, that will kill them. "

The assault that first put villagers top top alert occurred two years ago, once 8-year-old Mansyur to be mauled to death while defecating in the bushes behind his wood hut.

People have since asked because that a 6-foot-high (2-meter) concrete wall to be built about their villages, but that idea, too, has actually been rejected. The head the the park, Tamen Sitorus, said: "It"s a strange request. Friend can"t develop a fence prefer that inside a nationwide park!"


Residents have made a makeshift barrier out of trees and also broken branches, yet they complain it"s too easy for the animals to break through.

"We"re so fear now," claimed 11-year-old Riswan, recalling exactly how just a couple of weeks back students screamed when they spotted one of the giant lizards in a dusty ar behind your school. "We believed it was going to acquire into our classroom. At some point we were able to follow it increase a hill by cram rocks and also yelling "Hoohh Hoohh.""

Then, just two month ago, 31-year-old fisherman Muhamad Anwar was eliminated when the stepped on a lizard in the grass together he was heading to a field to choose fruit from a street tree.

Even park rangers room nervous.

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Gone room the job of goofing approximately with the lizards, poking their tails, hugging their backs and running in front of them, pretending they"re being chased, said Muhamad Saleh, that has operated with the pets since 1987.

"Not any more," the says, delivering a 6-foot-long (2-meter) stick wherever he goes for protection. Then, repeating a famous line through Indonesia"s most renowned poet, that adds: "I want to live for another thousand of years."