Food, Smoking, Alcohol and Recreational drugs in pregnant  


Folic acid supplementation 

Folic acid is a type of vitamin B that is required for the development of blood cells and also the breakthrough of baby’s nervous system. It has actually been presented to alleviate the possibility of a infant having brain and spinal cord defects. A simple way is to take it a 5 mg folate complement for the first 12 main of pregnancy. Folic acid is sold at your local pharmacy.

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Smoking is associated with adverse impacts on both the pregnant mother and her foetus. The can reason an enhanced risk of miscarriage, premature birth separation of placenta, premature birth and also a low birth load baby. There is additionally a long-term relationship with lessened intellectual development of the infant and also increased danger of suddenly Infant fatality Syndrome (cot death). 
Much much less is known about the results of exposure to passive smoke throughout fetal development. However, the performance of kids of passive smokers to be found, in most areas, to be between that of active smoking and non-smoking mothers.

Alcohol consumption in pregnancy is connected to infants showing behavioral and also learning difficulties. Extreme alcohol usage is associated with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) whereby the child may have actually varying negative effects consisting of congenital malformations and mental retardation.


Safety of caffeine consumption during pregnancy is controversial. Part studies imply that a modest caffeine intake of two cups the coffee per day presents a slight danger to the fetus, yet others carry out not. Over there is some evidence that spend larger amounts of caffeine daily during pregnancy might increase threats of miscarriage, preterm delivery and low birth weight, yet these studies room non-conclusive. 

We introduce limiting any kind of drinks comprise caffeine such together coffee, tea and also cola come a best of 2 cups per day because that the security of your baby.

Do not emphasis on a load loss regime throughout pregnancy.

Recreational drugs

If you have been abusing to chat or “lifestyle” drugs like cocaine, heroine, amphetamine (“Ecstasy pill”), or marijuana, it is the most ideal time because that you to quit completely once you are pregnant. Proceeding to consume this substances is harmful come your emerging baby. Lock are known to cause miscarriage.

Discuss this v your medical professional so the appropriate assist and support can be calculation to you.



Travel in Pregnancy

Traveling have to be done mostly in the second trimester as soon as the pregnant mrs is much more comfortable and also the risk of miscarriage and preterm distribution are lower.

When traveling in a car, constantly wear a chair belt to protect you and your unborn baby. The seat belt need to be a 3-point restraint with a lap and shoulder belts.

Wear your seat belt correctly. The lap belt have to go under your belly, throughout your hips and as high as feasible on her thighs. The shoulder strap have to go between your breasts and also off come the side of your belly. Seat belt straps must fit snugly and also never go directly across your tummy.  

Carrying heavy Objects in Pregnancy

It is usual to hear that it is unsafe to lift hefty things in pregnancy. However, the risk of injury is commonly directed at the mother and not the baby. The boost in the level that hormones throughout pregnancy causes the ligaments to soften, which leads to joints that might be less stable.

Also, the centre of heaviness of the pregnant mother has shifted i beg your pardon puts much more stress on she back. These two determinants make the mother more susceptible come injury when lifting hefty things.  

Clothing in Pregnancy

The womb go not prosper out of the pelvis until 12 mainly of pregnancy and most women will still gain away v wearing your normal clothing until then.

By 14–16 weeks, the ship starts protruding and you will need to wear looser or an ext elasticised trousers or skirts. Between 18–22 weeks, the waist thickens, and also the clothing need come accommodate this to keep comfort.

Temperature increases during pregnancy and thus light, breathable clothes made of wool or noodle is preferred. Shorts/skirts or pants through elastic or drawstring waist made indigenous stretchy products that can grow with your waist is preferable.

As long as pregnant women space comfortable in your clothing and also the apparel is not too restrictive or tight, it have to not impede the development of the baby.

Exposing the belly has no known adverse results on the occurring baby.

Normal underwear have the right to be worn throughout pregnancy. However, part women choose oversized underwear to pull up over your bump. During pregnancy, body temperature increases and also vaginal discharge changes. Pregnant women space thus much more prone to fungal and bacterial infections. Noodle underwear will keep the perineal area ventilated and discourage expansion of these organisms.

Avoid wearing tight socks or half leg stockings throughout pregnancy together these can reduce blood circulation from the feet and lower legs, thus increasing swelling, fluid retention and also aggravating varicose veins. 

Footwear in Pregnancy 

Your feet boost in size during pregnancy as result of water retention in the legs. Also, pregnant women are prone come falling and tripping due to transforms in centre of gravity and dynamics.

Flat and also low-heeled shoes are preferable. Backless pair of shoes made of versatile material can accommodate to changes your feet. 

Hair-dyeing, Hair Rebonding and Perming in Pregnancy 

The concern around exposures come hair dye and also hair straightening agents is that there might be absorb of chemicals into the bloodstream at the time of use. However, most chemicals room cleared from the bloodstream fairly quickly. Unfortunately, there have been just very few studies on the usage of such products during pregnant to quantify the risk of hair dye come a emerging baby.

While no one can carry out data around timing and also safety, prevent dyeing or rebonding the hair as soon as the woman has actually conceived.

Perming hair during the 2nd and third trimesters of pregnancy is a safe procedure and also can do caring because that hair less time consuming and also easier. There space no research studies that indicate perming of hair during pregnancy is detrimental come the fetus. 

Keeping pet in Pregnancy 

Pregnancy and your dog 

Dogs are usually safe for you and also your occurring baby. However, be cautious of big dogs, which may jump on her tummy while you space lying under or sitting. 

Pregnancy and your cat 

Cats might transmit toxoplasmosis (a parasitic infection). Toxoplasmosis can reason premature delivery, major malformations the baby and also low birth weight. 

Transmission commonly occurs from call with feline faeces. Outdoor cats are an ext likely to have toxoplasmosis than cats that continue to be strictly indoors. Due to the fact that cats may use both litter boxes and also outdoor sand and also soil, friend can end up being infected after an altering a contaminated litter box, digging or gardening outside, or eat unwashed contaminated fruits and also vegetables. 

If you space immune to toxoplasmosis by vault infection before pregnancy, then you are not likely to be infected again. Thus, if you space a cat owner and also trying to obtain pregnant, asking your doctor for a simple blood test (antibodies level) to check if you are immune come toxoplasmosis. Unfortunately, over there is no helpful vaccine against toxoplasmosis. 

Eat just well-cooked meat. Avoid dried raw meats such together beef jerky. Wash the fruits and also vegetables prior to eating them and all tools after prepare raw meat, seafood, fruits and vegetables.

Pregnancy and also your pets bird 

Birds deserve to transmit infections like campylobacter and salmonella. Lock can cause miscarriage in beforehand pregnancy or stillbirth in advanced pregnancy. 

It is helpful to lug your pets bird to her veterinarian to inspect for such infections. Inform your physician that you have actually a pet bird in the house. 

Always wash your hands thoroughly with soap and also hot water following any handling the the bird or the cage. Avoid an altering the birdcage if possible. 

Pregnancy and farm animals 

Farm animals are well-known to transmit listeria, campylobacter and likewise salmonella infections. Listeria infection can reason severe infection, miscarriage or stillbirth. 

Thus, shot to avoid leisure farm visits. Constantly wash your hands thoroughly with soap and hot water following any contact with farm pets or their living areas. Execute not feed the animals or handle the dead animals. Drink just pasteurised milk as this would remove the threat of food-borne listeriosis. 

Prenatal Stimulation 

Prenatal stimulation uses assorted stimuli together as classical music and the mother’s voice. The baby learns to recognise and also respond to various stimuli, which might encourage physical, mental, and also sensory development. Babies may benefit from stimulation as early as the 3rd month that pregnancy. Once babies develop hearing in the 5th month, music is fantastic for aural stimulation and to soothing the baby.

Does it really work? 

Some studies have revealed that engendered babies exhibit enhanced hearing, linguistic, and motor development. In general, lock sleep better, are an ext alert, confident and also content than infants who were not stimulated. They additionally show superior learning capacity and also calm down more easily once they hear familiar sounds lock heard if in the womb. 

engendered babies and also their family members showed much more intense bonding and also greater family cohesion. Prenatal stimulation offers a lasting foundation for love communication and healthy parent-child relationships. 

Is over-stimulation a concern? 

Over-stimulation may cause confusion. When babies end up being overwhelmed through too much stimulation, they may stop responding. Stick to moderate level of stimulation if friend desire.

Use of computers in Pregnancy 

All electrical equipment can create low frequency (non-ionising) radiation. Computer monitors have actually internal shielding that reduces non-ionising radiation to safe levels. Computer system users that sit at common distances from your monitors receive extremely low exposures. Present research suggests there are few, if any, health results caused through non-ionising radiation amongst computer users. 

Many pregnant mothers are worried that the low-level electromagnetic areas (non-ionizing radiation) developed by computer system monitors could cause miscarriage or damage an unborn baby. That is heartening to understand that studies have shown no proof that this is the case. 

However, avoid sitting in front of a computer for hrs at a time since you may experience worsening of your backache. If you need to spend prolonged periods in former of the computer, take it frequent quick breaks come walk, stretch and also move to avoid blood coagulation in the foot (deep vein thrombosis).

X-Rays in Pregnancy 

X-rays or Computed Tomography scans room to it is in avoided in pregnancy uneven the benefits outweigh the threats of radiation to the fetus which can cause developmental malformations and childhood cancers.

The amount of radiation used throughout a CT scan is taken into consideration minimal and also therefore, the threat for radiation exposure is low.

Inadvertent exposure come X-ray in pregnancy, also in the first trimester, may not have to be an indication to terminate the pregnancy.

Avoid X-rays throughout pregnancy uneven ordered by her doctor. Friend will normally be provided a lead apron come shield the emerging foetus if one X-ray is a must throughout pregnancy. 

Frequently request Questions

1. Deserve to I go for massage and aromatherapy throughout pregnancy? 

Massage is a wonderful way to unwind tired muscles and also pamper you. The massage table should have a cutout for her belly. Otherwise, you have the right to position yourself through pillows for this reason you room slightly on her side, or usage a massage chair. However, massage that the tummy or breasts can reason contractions the the womb. If you notice strong contractions, avoid that part of the massage. 

You may discover that girlfriend are more sensitive to smells than usual. Aromatherapy is well as lengthy as that is pleasant for you. However, necessary oils are absorbed through her skin into the bloodstream. Until an ext is known, avoid considerable skin contact with crucial oils, especially in the an initial trimester when the baby’s organs room developing. 

2. Have the right to I enter a sauna or heavy steam room during pregnancy? 

High heat in early on pregnancy is poor for the arising baby as it increases the opportunities of miscarriage and birth defects favor spinal cord and brain malformation. Thus, all treatments that raise her body temperature have to be off limits during pregnancy. These include the sauna, heavy steam room and hot tub. Warm baths room fine as long as they are not supervisor hot, due to the fact that water cools off relatively quickly.

3. Have the right to I start a weight loss regimen in pregnancy? 

Would being underweight cause a trouble in pregnancy? females who room severely underweight (body mass index If girlfriend have always been a earlier or stomach sleeper, it may be daunting to get used to resting on your side together recommended by your doctor. Also, as the growing womb presses on her bladder, girlfriend experience much more trips to the bathroom, day and night. View your medical professional to exclude urinary tract infection if you endure a burn sensation when urinating. 

try to gain into the habit of sleeping on your side at an early stage in your pregnancy. Lying on her side v your knees bent is likely to be the many comfortable place as your pregnant progresses. It also makes your heart’s task easier due to the fact that it prevents the baby’s weight from applying pressure to the big vein (the worse vena cava). Alternatively, use a pillow to keep yourself propped up on one side. Some physicians specifically recommend the pregnant ladies sleep top top the left side. This is due to the fact that your liver is on the appropriate side and lying on your left side helps store the womb off your liver. Questioning what your medical professional recommends — however in most cases, lied on either side need to be fine. 

reduced out caffeinated drinks like coke, coffee and also tea from your diet as much as possible especially at night. Stop drinking a many fluids or eating a full meal in ~ a couple of hours that going to bed in ~ night. This might give you a better sleep with less interruptions to wake up up at night to go to the bathroom. 

5. Are electronic massage chairs and also foot reflexology safe throughout pregnancy? 

Unfortunately, over there is poor data and research excellent at this moment to address the safety and security of massage chairs and foot reflexology throughout pregnancy. 

6. Can I have actually facial treatments throughout pregnancy? 

The surging of hormone in pregnancy might worsen acne on her face. Thus, facial therapies to treat acne might not it is in effective. Perform pamper yourself with a facial treatment if you discover it relaxing and reduce her stress throughout pregnancy. 

stop using facial products that save relaxation oils as they might precipitate womb contractions. 

7. Have the right to I have LASIK surgical procedure to exactly my eyesight throughout pregnancy? 

it is advisable no to have actually LASIK surgery during pregnancy. During pregnancy, her refraction may be different due to hormonal changes. Also there is the rare possibility that your solution to the surgery could not be usual. Over there is no harm of the surgical procedure to the foetus but your results may be affected. LASIK surgery can be excellent at least six weeks after breastfeeding. 

8. Walk pregnancy affect my eyesight? 

part women may experience worsening of myopia during pregnancy yet they would return to the same level of myopia after delivery. Pushing during normal herbal birth has actually not been shown to reason worsening of myopia and also retinal detachment. 

Visual changes in pregnancy room common, and many are specifically linked with the pregnancy itself. Major retinal detachments and blindness occur more frequently during pre-eclampsia (high blood pressure). A lessened tolerance to call lenses is additionally common throughout pregnancy; therefore, it is recipient to wear contact lenses just after delivery. 

9. How does are afraid or according to noises impact my pregnancy? 

will watching fear movies affect my baby? are afraid activates your nervous mechanism to create adrenaline hormones. Adrenaline will rise your heart rate and your breath becomes much more shallow and faster. Your blood pressure will boost as well. 

Watching horror movies in pregnancy is more of a cultural taboo. Over there is no scientific proof to display its harmful results on the baby. But fear would evoke the adrenaline gush together described. Loud noises do not usually affect your fetus as he/she is surrounding by amniotic fluid and also buffered native the noises. 

as we encourage all pregnant women to be calm and also relaxed and also think the happy things, hear to calm music and also watching nice entertainment programs will certainly be a better alternative. 

10. Is acupuncture for sure for pregnancy? 

supporters of acupuncture treatment suggest that acupuncture during pregnancy is advantageous for both mother and also baby. During the first trimester, acupuncture may reduce morning sickness and fatigue. During the second trimester, acupuncture can assist maintain balance. In the 3rd trimester, acupuncture can administer relief from backache and joint pain. Acupuncture is additionally used throughout labour for pain relief. 

However, if you space considering acupuncture throughout pregnancy, friend should comment on it with your obstetrician.

11. Walk pregnancy affect my sleeping pattern? 

Many ladies report daytime sleepiness during pregnancy. Try to fit in a rapid nap at lunchtime if possible. Many over-the-counter and also prescription sleep drugs are off-limits when you are pregnant, especially during the an initial trimester together they may cause fetal malformations and also mental retardation. Shot activities such together yoga, deep breathing, a relaxing massage or taking a warm bath before bedtime, to obtain a better night’s sleep. 

12. Is it safe for me to paint my baby’s room throughout pregnancy? 

Paint toxicity relies on the chemicals and also solvents uncovered in the paint along with the quantity of exposure. There are right now no research studies that look right into the effects of household painting on pregnancy and also the emerging baby. Family members painting involves really low levels of exposure to toxic chemicals. However, us still recommend you come avoid paint if possible. 

Also, lead based repaint was often used prior to the 1970s, so you should avoid getting associated with removing old paint in an older house due to the fact that of the danger of command exposure. 

13. Is it for sure to use mobile phones throughout pregnancy? 

Many mothers room concerned around the feasible harmful results of cellphone radiation. Unfortunately, over there is inadequate scientific research study done to comment on the safety of cellphone intake at the moment. 

14. I got to an airplane X-ray screener that is provided to screen our carry-on items. What is the radiation exposure? 

Airport X-ray devices to display briefcases and also packages offer much lower doses of radiation than X-ray devices in hospitals and medical clinics — almost immeasurable. They room designed this way because they carry out not need to see in together detail. 

15. Go passing with the airport security pose a danger to mine baby during pregnancy? 

Passing through an airport protection portal has actually not been displayed to posture a risk to a pregnant mrs or she unborn child. The metal detector is not known to pose any health threat to individuals. The devices used to scan your carry-ons are really well shielded so over there is no hazard passing through the plane security. 


Source: Dr TAN Thiam Chye, Dr TAN Kim Teng, Dr TAN Heng Hao, Dr TEE Chee Seng John, The brand-new Art and Science that Pregnancy and also Childbirth, civilization Scientific 2008.

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