Check back later come count down to our coverage that the 2023 annular solar eclipse visible from north America!

Be sure to prepare for viewing solar eclipses live: use these tips and also techniques to gain a clear check out without injuring her eyes.

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This is more than likely the most important part of this website. If you ever before want to watch a solar eclipse—whether that total, annular, or partial—the first thing you must understand is this:

Never see the sun with the naked eye or by looking with optical devices such together binoculars or telescopes!

This is critical! Why? you may have actually taken a magnifying glass out into the sun and burned leaves v it. If so, you’ll remember that when sunlight is focused onto a small spot through a lens, it gets hot enough to begin a fire. So understand this: you have a lens as with that in her eye. If you look at the Sun, her eye’s lens will concentrate the Sun"s light and also focus that onto a very tiny spot on the back of her eye, ~ above the retina. This accurate burns your eye, bring about permanent eye damage or blindness. In additional, there room no ache sensors inside your eye—so friend won"t also know it"s happening!

If you room now fully terrified around looking in ~ the Sun, good!—you might keep reading. If not, go ago and re-ead the warning above.

During a complete solar eclipse, there space a couple of short moments once it’s for sure to look straight at the Sun. This is the only time: once the moon fully blocks the challenge of the Sun. Dubbed totality, it lasts from a few seconds come a couple of minutes. The immediate the moon begins to move off the Sun"s face, you have to go earlier to using safe the town hall techniques.

The above video, “How to construct a sunlight Viewer,” shows you a safe method to clock eclipses or other solar events by projecting the Sun’s image.

How to do a Pinhole Projector

There room safe methods to view the sun. The simplest requires just a long box (at the very least six feet long), a piece of aluminum foil, a pin, and a paper of white paper.

The size of package is important: the much longer the box, the larger your image of the sun will be. To calculation how large the picture will be, main point the size of the box by 0.01. Because that example, if your box is 6 feet (72 inches) long, her solar photo will it is in 72 x 0.01 = 0.72 customs in diameter, or around ¾ inch.


1. Uncover or make a lengthy box or tube. If friend can"t discover a lengthy tube, you have the right to tape together two or much more shorter ones. (Two triangle shipping tubes, recorded together, do a great solar viewer.) cut out the cardboard at one end of each tube and tape those ends along with duct tape, so the light deserve to travel the length of the tube.

2. Cut a one-inch hole in the center of one end of the box. Ice a item of foil over the hole, climate poke a small hole in the foil v a pin.

3. In ~ the other end of the tube, cut a good-sized viewing hole in the next of the box. Put a item of white record at the end of the box, appropriate inside the viewing hole. This is the display screen where your projected sunlight will appear.

To use your viewer, allude the pinhole end of the box right at the Sun. To target it, relocate it approximately until you see a round spot of irradiate on the document at the various other end—that’s her pinhole image of the Sun! If you have trouble aiming your viewer, look at the zero of the box on the ground. Move it till the zero is as little as possible—that is, until it looks prefer the finish of the box, and also the sides room not casting a shadow. Do not look with the pinhole in ~ the Sun! Look just at the photo on the paper.

Quick and Easy viewing Techniques

Here space some means to clock the sunlight that are even easier.


Use two pieces of cardboard. In one, reduced a one-inch hole, climate tape a item of foil over the hole. Now make a pinhole in the center of the foil. Usage the other piece the cardboard (which have to be white for ideal viewing) as a screen. Through the sun behind you, host the pinhole cardboard as far from your screen as you can. The aside from that the pinhole is indigenous the screen, the enlarge your image will be.

Use her hands. hold up both hands through your fingers overlapping at best angles. The holes in between your fingers make pinholes.

Use a tree. If you have some shade trees in her location, try looking in ~ the images of the sunlight coming with the holes formed by the leaves. Use a piece of white cardboard to record the pictures for a great viewing session!

Optical Projection

Pinhole photos are nice dim and small. You deserve to magnify the Sun’s picture by making use of a pair the binoculars. You must NOT look with the binoculars!


1. Firmly affix the binoculars to a tripod, eyepieces encountering down. You deserve to do this v duct tape—what else?

2. Do a sun shield native a piece of cardboard. Cut a hole for one of the lenses. (You don’t need them both.) climate tape the shield come the prior of the binoculars v the lens sticking through the hole. Use duct tape to seal any kind of holes that leak light past the cardboard shield.

3. Point the binoculars towards the sunlight while stop a item of white cardboard about one foot past the binoculars.

4. It will take a small effort to find the Sun. As soon as you do, friend can emphasis the binoculars to bring the sun to a sharp image.

DO NOT put your hand or noþeles flammable near the eyepiece. The focused sunlight exiting over there can reason a nasty burn or set something ablaze!

Now you have the right to watch a beautiful, bright, amplified image the the sun as the eclipse proceeds. Friend will have actually to adjust the tripod periodically to account because that the Earth"s rotation. A warning: give your binoculars a cooling rest now and then. The eyepiece may become overheated and also the lens aspects may different if you leaving it pointed at the sun for as well long.


If you feel you must look straight at the Sun, be absolutely certain that you have the exactly filter. Just due to the fact that a filter renders the sun seem dim go not median that it"s impede the dangerous, invisible infrared or ultraviolet radiation the will damages your eyes.

Do NOT usage sunglasses, polaroid filters, exhilaration glass, exposed color film, X-ray film, or photographic neutral-density filters.

Do NOT use this type of telescope filter:


Make certain that the caterer of her eclipse filter is reputable and also reliable—a couple of are provided below. “Eclipse glasses” are inexpensive filters in cardboard frames made especially for eclipse viewing. You have the right to purchase lock online, and usually at science museum shop in areas where an eclipse is visible. You can also look in ~ the sunlight with a number 14 welder’s glass, accessible at welding it is provided stores.

If you desire to use a filter on a telescope, use just the filter provided by the manufacturer or by a manufacturer who renders the filter specifically for the instrument you are using. However, if the manufacturer’s filter is the type that screws ~ above the eyepiece, carry out NOT usage IT! The manufacturers of part inexpensive telescopes it is provided a welder"s glass filter the screws onto the eyepiece. It may warm up and crack as you are looking v the telescope. A proper solar filter always goes on the front finish of the telescope, blocking the sunlight before it beginning the optical system.

Thanks to the Orion Telescope center for the loan that this unsafe filter. Orion go not offer these! lock just had actually one about as a bad example. Castle are an excellent and knowledgeable people.

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By complying with the instructions over and making use of a modicum of an excellent sense, friend will have the ability to enjoy solar eclipse ~ solar eclipse.