People get shingles as soon as the varicella zoster virus, which reasons chickenpox, reactivates in your bodies after castle have already had chickenpox.

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You cannot gain shingles from who who has actually shingles.You can get chickenpox from who who has actually shingles if you have never had chickenpox or never ever received the chickenpox vaccine.

Shingles is brought about by varicella zoster virus (VZV), the same virus that reasons chickenpox. After a person recovers native chickenpox, the virus continues to be dormant (inactive) in your body. The virus can reactivate later, bring about shingles.

Most civilization who develop shingles have only one episode throughout their lifetime. However, you can have shingles an ext than once.

If you have actually shingles, direct call with the liquid from your rash blisters deserve to spread VZV to people who have actually never had chickenpox or never received the chickenpox vaccine. If they obtain infected, they will develop chickenpox, not shingles. They could then build shingles later on in life.

The danger of spreading VZV to others is low if girlfriend cover the shingles rash. People with shingles cannot spread out the virus before their decision blisters appear or ~ the rashes crusts.

People with chickenpox are an ext likely to spread out VZV than human being with shingles.


To prevent spreading VZV to others:

Cover the rash.Avoid touching or scratching the rash.Avoid call with the following people until her rash crusts:pregnant ladies who have actually never had actually chickenpox or the chickenpox vaccine;premature or low birth weight infants; andpeople through weakened immune systems, such as civilization receiving immunosuppressive drugs or undergoing chemotherapy, body organ transplant recipients, and also people with human being immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection.

Some people have a higher risk of getting shingles. This includes people who

have medical conditions that keep their immune equipment from functioning properly, together as particular cancers like leukemia and lymphoma, and also human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)receive drugs that store their immune equipment from functioning properly, such together steroids and drugs that are given after body organ transplantation

Also seeTreating Shingles


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Page last reviewed: July 1, 2019
Content source: National facility for Immunization and also Respiratory Diseases, division of famous Diseases
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