A hernia occurs once an body organ protrudes v the wall surface of muscle that encircles it. A hiatal hernia means that the upper part of your stomach has actually protruded up right into your chest, pushing through the small opening (or hiatus) in her diaphragm (which separates her abdomen from your chest).

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Most of the time, hiatal hernias are so little they might not be felt in ~ all. However if the hernia is a little bit larger, it could force the opened in your diaphragm to end up being larger, too. At that point, the whole stomach and also other organs room in peril of slide up right into your chest.

A hiatal hernia can likewise put undue push on her stomach, by squeezing or twisting it. This pressure have the right to make her stomach maintain acid, which deserve to then circulation up into your esophagus. You could build chest pain, gastroesophageal reflux disease, and/or heartburn, and have trouble swallowing or also breathing. The acid may additionally cause ulcers in ~ the stomach that can bleed and lead come acute or chronic anemia (low blood counts).

There are a couple of different type of hiatal hernias. Form I hernias, or slide hiatal hernias, space the smallest and also most typical variety. This hernias cause your stomach come slide v a tiny opening in the diaphragm, and up right into your chest. These frequently do not call for an operation or treatment.

Much less usual than these are species II, III, and also IV hernias, or paraesophageal hernias. These happen when a part of the stomach protrude right into the chest nearby to the esophagus. That part of the stomach is “trapped” over the diaphragm and can’t slide ago down again. While this hernias are far less common, they can be much more dangerous, due to the fact that they cause more serious symptoms, and because the blood flow to her stomach can be compromised.

Risk Factors

Those end the age of 50, pregnant women, and the obese space at higher risk. A hiatal hernia can additionally be triggered by insistent press on the hiatus muscles. The pressure have the right to be brought about by coughing, vomiting, immoderate straining throughout bowel movements, lifting hefty objects, and/or too much physical exertion.


Hiatal hernias, especially kind I hernias, execute not usually cause symptoms. They may, however, be linked with the following: burping, heartburn, nausea, vomiting, and/or regurgitation right into the esophagus.

A paraesophageal hernia, or form II, III, or IV hernia, may cause more severe symptoms. These deserve to include:

Abdominal/chest painAbdominal bleeding (which have the right to be shown by blood in vomit, red or black color stool, anemia, blood test indicating lose of blood)Change in voiceEarly satiety (or becoming full after just eating a small amount that food)Occasional problem swallowing (especially hard food)Shortness of breath or trouble breathing after eatingAcid refluxRegurgitation or a emotion of food “sticking”


Along with a complete exam and detailed clinical history, her surgeon may use one or an ext diagnostic exam to recognize the best course that treatment.

Barium swallow / top GI study needs that friend swallow a tiny amount of comparison material, or fluid barium, which coats the lining of your esophagus so that X-ray photos may be obtained. If you have experienced trouble swallowing, this procedure can assist to locate any type of areas in her esophagus that may have actually narrowed. These areas are referred to as strictures.

Chest X-rays: Electromagnetic energy produces photos of internal tissues, bones and also organs.

CT-Scans: this scans comprise a collection of pictures of the within of her body, every taken from various angles, to disclose a high level the detail. Come ensure that your veins and organs display up plainly in this scans, you may need come swallow a dye provided for the purpose, or have it injected into your vein.

Upper Endoscopy (EGD): A procedure in which an endoscope is threaded through your mouth and also then right into your esophagus. This procedure enables your surgeon to actually see your upper digestive tract, which consists of your esophagus, stomach, and duodenum, or the first part of your tiny intestine. Her surgeon can then remove a tissue sample as well.


Hiatal hernias don’t constantly require treatment past regular monitoring and also medications. Under specific conditions, however, therapy will be necessary. Those conditions include: chronic anemia; chronic pain; complications by gastroesophageal reflux disease; complications by esophagitis; hazard of strangulation; i can not qualify to vomit; recurrent pneumonia or various other infections. The adhering to treatments are available for those with hiatal hernias.

Minimally Invasive Hernia Repair

Minimally invasive surgical treatment can properly diminish the dimension of a hernia, and also reduce the opening in the diaphragm, thereby avoiding strangulation. Throughout this procedure, surgeons will certainly insert a tiny video clip camera right into your abdomen. They’ll be able to view photos projected ~ above a monitor, i beg your pardon will allow them to complete the procedure with better control and also finesse. The purpose of this surgical treatment is to regain the stomach right into your abdomen and close down the hole in the diaphragm. Minimally invasive surgical treatment is linked with a faster recovery and faster return to duty than classic open repair. Your medical professional will recognize if you space a candidate because that this approach. (Video)


Your surgeons may additionally perform a fundoplication, which will aid to avoid acid from increasing through the stomach.

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Make one Appointment

To discuss a potential hernia therapy or surgery, contact the surgical procedure Call center at (734) 936-5738.