What is cat scratch disease?

Cat scratches and also bites can cause cat scratch disease, a bacterial infection brought in cat saliva. Research says a cat may obtain these bacteria from fleas. The bacteria are passed from an infected cat to a human being after the cat licks an open up wound or bites or scratches human skin hard enough to break the surface of the skin. Kittens younger than one year of period are much more likely come scratch, boosting the likelihood the infection.

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What causes cat scrape disease?

Cat scratch an illness is resulted in by a bacterium brought in the cat saliva. The bacteria space passed from an infected cat to a person after the cat licks an open wound or bites or scratches human skin hard enough to break the surface of the skin.

Who is at danger for cat scrape disease?

Factors that deserve to increase your threat for acquiring cat scratch disease include:

Being around cats ~ above a regime basis, particularly kittens the are more playful and also apt come accidentally scratch youNot cleaning scratches or bites native a cat as soon as you acquire themAllowing a cat come lick any open wounds that you haveBeing around a flea infestation

What room the symptom of cat scratch disease?

These space the most common symptoms of cat scrape disease:

A cat bite or scrape that i do not care reddened or swollen within a few days and also does no heal or worsens over timePainful or swollen glands, especially under the eight (if scratched on the arm or hand), or in the groin (if scratched top top the foot or leg)Flu-like symptoms including headache, reduced appetite, fatigue, joint pain, or feverBody rash

The symptoms of cat scratch condition may look prefer other conditions or clinical problems. Always seeyourhealthcare provider because that a diagnosis.

How is cat scratch an illness diagnosed?

Diagnosis is based upon a finish history, including a history of being scratched by a cat or kitten, a physics exam, and also sometimes blood tests.

How is cat scratch an illness treated?

Your healthcare provider will number out the finest treatment based on:

How old friend areYour in its entirety health and medical historyHow sick girlfriend areHow well you have the right to handle details medicines, procedures, or therapiesHow lengthy the condition is supposed to lastYour opinion or preference

Treatment may include:

Antibiotics (to treat the infection)Caring for the symptoms that an outcome from the infection. In most cases, no antibiotics room needed, and the infection will certainly clear top top its own.

What are the symptom of cat scratch fever?

Most healthy world don’t have actually complications from cat scrape fever. However, human being whose immune systems space weak (such as those who have HIV/AIDS, space receiving chemotherapy, or have actually diabetes) deserve to have complications such as:

Bacillary angiomatosis.A skin disorder defined by red, elevated lesions surrounding by a scaly ring. This problem may end up being a much more widespread disorder that entails internal organs.Parinaud"s oculoglandular syndrome. A problem that involves a red, irritated and painful eye similar to conjunctivitis (pink eye), fever, and also swollen lymph nodes in front of the ear top top the same side

Can cat scratch condition be prevented?

Avoid gift scratched or bitten by cat or kittens. If scratched or bitten, to wash the area best away with soap and also water. Carry out not allow cats to lick wounds you may have.

When need to I call my medical care provider?

If a cat scrape or bite becomes red or swollen and you construct flu-like symptoms, including headache, diminished appetite, fatigue, joint pain, or fever, call your medical care provider.

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Key points about cat scratch fever

Cat scratch disease is an infection caused by a bacter in cat saliva.The disease causes redness and swelling in ~ the website of a cat scratch or bite, and also flu-like symptoms.If you are scratched or bitten by a cat or kitten, that is crucial to promptly to wash the area with soap and also water.Cat scratch an illness can be treated by antibiotics.

Next steps

Tips to aid you get the many from a visit to your medical care provider:

Know the factor for her visit and what you desire to happen.Before her visit, write down concerns you desire answered.Bring someone with you to assist you ask questions and also remember what her provider speak you.At the visit, compose down the name of a brand-new diagnosis, and any brand-new medicines, treatments, or tests. Also write down any brand-new instructions your provider offers you.Know why a brand-new medicine or therapy is prescribed, and how it will aid you. Likewise know what the side results are.Ask if your condition can be treated in other ways.Know why a check or procedure is recommended and also what the results can mean.Know what to suppose if you perform not take it the medicine or have actually the check or procedure.If you have actually a follow-up appointment, create down the date, time, and purpose for the visit.Know how you can call your provider if you have questions.