Article I, section 2 of the structure states: “The of representatives shall chuse their Speaker and other Officers...”

The speak is the political and parliamentary leader that the residence of Representatives. The constitution mandates the office, but since the beforehand 19th century the and also the individual Speakers have actually continually redefined that is contours. Rooted in brother parliamentary practice, the beforehand Speakers restricted their roles to presiding end the and serving as its ceremonial head.

/tiles/non-collection/h/hh_1789_03_04_muhlenberg_hc.xml arsenal of the U.S. Home of RepresentativesAbout this object Frederick Augustus Conrad Muhlenberg the Pennsylvania was chosen the first Speaker of the home on April 1, 1789.

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Over time, some Speakers aggressively gone after a plan agenda because that the residence while others have, in the words of speak Schuyler Colfax the Indiana, “come come this chair to provide rules, yet not as a partisan.” Regardless, the Speaker—who has constantly been (but is not forced to be) a home Member with the same responsibilities to his or her constituents prefer the various other 434 Members—is at the levers that power. The speak is simultaneously the’s presiding officer, party leader, and also the institution’s bureaucratic head, amongst other duties.

The speaker is chosen at the start of a new Congress through a majority of the Representatives-elect from candidates separately chosen by the majority- and also minority-party caucuses. These candidates are chosen by your party members at the arranging caucuses organized soon after ~ the new Congress is elected. In situations of an unexpected vacancy throughout a congress a brand-new Speaker is elected by a bulk of the residence from candidates previously liked by the 2 parties.

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The speak of the home is by law 2nd in line to succeed the President, ~ the vice President, and also 25th Amendment makes the speak a component of the process announcing presidential disability.

Information on the present Speaker, the Honorable Nancy Pelosi, is available at the net site of the speaker of the Speaker Pelosi is the 52nd individual to serve as speak of the In total, 54 Representatives have actually served together Speaker. Seven individuals have served non-consecutively: Frederick Muhlenberg that Pennsylvania, Henry Clay of Kentucky, john W. Taylor of new York, cutting board Brackett Reed of Maine, Sam Rayburn the Texas, Joseph young name of Massachusetts, and Nancy Pelosi that California.