President Donald Trump as soon as again targeted house Democrats who space conducting a formal impeachment inquiry over the Ukraine whistleblower scandal in tweets accusing castle of treason top top Sunday, calling because that the impeachment of residence Speaker Nancy Pelosi and also Intelligence Committee Chairman Adam Schiff.

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"This provides Nervous Nancy every bit as guilty as Liddle’ Adam Schiff for High Crimes and also Misdemeanors, and also even Treason. I guess that way that they, along with all of those the evilly “Colluded” through them, should all be immediately Impeached!" trump said.

Pelosi and Schiff are spearheading the trump impeachment examination over concerns that he improperly pressured Ukraine"s chairman to investigate political competitor Joe Biden. Trump additionally has said that Sen. Mitt Romney, R-Utah, face impeachment.

But deserve to a member of conference be impeached? follow to law, no, yet there space other actions that can be taken.

More:Donald Trump currently accuses Nancy Pelosi the "treason" (and wants to impeach her)

What the legislation says around impeachment

Impeachment is laid the end by the Constitution together the first step in the procedure to eliminate an official from office. A president, angry president, or "civil officer" deserve to be impeached. 

The residence of representatives holds the government to vote on and also submit posts of impeachment to the Senate, i beg your pardon then has the power to preside over an impeachment trial and ultimately vote on removal native office.

Impeachment is a step that deserve to be taken versus an main appointed through the president, consisting of members that the president"s Cabinet and judges.

More:How walk a supreme Court justice get impeached?

House Democrats space leading the impeachment probe into the chairman to uncover an ext details about his dealings v Ukraine, and whether that withheld financial help to the nation in exchange because that an investigation into Biden and also his son, Hunter Biden. 

Trump has actually made the allegation without evidence that the previous vice president pressed Ukraine to fire a peak prosecutor who was looking into corruption in a company where his son when sat top top the board. 

Explainer:What really occurred when Biden forced out Ukraine"s peak prosecutor

Can impeachment be used versus members the Congress?

Technically, members that Congress perform not go with impeachment proceedings. But they deserve to be expelled native office and disciplined in various other ways.

According to a report by the Congressional research study Service, expulsion is a more simplified procedure than impeachment.

"A removal through an impeachment calls for the action of both residences of conference – impeachment in the House and trial and also conviction in the Senate; when an expulsion is accomplished merely by the home or Senate exhilaration alone worrying one that its very own Members, and also without the constitutional requirement of trial and conviction," the report states.

House and also Senate members can expel members with a two-thirds vote, as is laid the end in write-up I the the Constitution.

A congressional recall, top top the other hand, is not noted for through the Constitution. This is composed of ingredient voting come place an early limit on the term of your representative through a unique election. Some says do carry out for recalls for some other state officials, but Supreme Court decisions have actually opposed the ideal of claims to i charged a recall ~ above members that Congress, according to the CRS report.

Another way to self-control a members that Congress, but that would certainly not result in removal native office, is a censure, which is a formal blame of a member that needs a simple bulk vote.

A residence Republican has also introduced a motion to censure Schiff over his exaggerated reenactment that a phone call between Trump and also the Ukraine president.

So, Trump"s contact for the impeachment that his critics won"t pan out for legal reasons, and also it would also be daunting to expel them from office. 

Has the removal of a member of Congress ever to be tried?

There is just one documented instance of an check impeachment the a member the Congress, in 1797. Though the residence of representatives voted come impeach Sen. Wilhelm Blount, the Senate garbage the relocate for reasons including that he to be not taken into consideration a "civil officer" based on his function in Congress and the he had currently been expelled, which make impeachment a moot point.

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As because that expulsion, 15 senators and also five members that the House have met that fate in the background of the unified States. Most were regarded Civil battle infractions. The United says hasn"t watched an expulsion because 2002, when Ohio Rep. James Traficant to be convicted top top bribery, racketeering and tax evasion charges.