Article III federal judges room appointed to life terms while offer "during great Behaviour," as proclaimed in section 1 of article III of the United states Constitution. Despite it walk not specifically state in the Constitution that judges may be impeached and also removed indigenous office, they loss under the label of "Civil Officers" in article II, section 4.

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<1> the says:

The President, angry President and all Civil policemans of the united States, shall be eliminated from Office ~ above Impeachment for, and Conviction of, Treason, Bribery, or various other high Crimes and also Misdemeanors.<2> <3>

Impeachable offenses

The United claims Senate has actually removed judges native office for considerable questionable conduct, also if no crime was committed. Because that example, referee Robert Wodrow Archbald was impeached and removed native office for improper service relationships v litigants. One factor for this may be the life tenure bestowed upon commonwealth judges and the Congress" place in upholding the an excellent behavior the judges.<4>

Proceedings

Article II of the Constitution gives the joined States residence of Representatives sole power that impeachment, and also assigns the strength to shot impeachments to the United says Senate.<2>

Historical impeachment the judges

Fifteen federal judges have been impeached. That those fifteen: eight to be convicted by the Senate, four were acquitted by the Senate, and also three resigned before result at trial.

1803

John Pickering the the United claims District Court for the ar of new Hampshire

Nominated: By chairman George Washington in 1795.Charges: mental instability and intoxication ~ above the benchConvicted: by the United claims Senate and removed indigenous office on march 12, 1804.

1804

Samuel chase of the supreme Court the the united States.

Nominated: By chairman George Washington in 1796.Charges: Arbitrary and oppressive command of trialsAcquitted: by the United states Senate on in march 1, 1805.

1830

James Hawkins Peck the the United says District Court because that the district of Missouri.

Nominated: By president James Monroe in 1822.Charges: Abuse the the contempt the powerAcquitted: by the Senate top top January 1, 1831.

1862

West Hughes Humphreys that the United claims District Courts for the Middle, Eastern, and Western Districts that Tennessee.

Nominated: By president Franklin Pierce in 1853.Charges: Refusing to organize court and also waging war versus the United says governmentConvicted: through the Senate and removed indigenous office ~ above June 26, 1862.

1873

Mark W. Delahay for the United claims District Court for the ar of Kansas.

Nominated: By president Abraham Lincoln in 1863.Charges: Intoxication ~ above the benchResigned: from office December 12, 1873, prior to a trial in the Senate.

1904

Charles Swayne because that the United states District Court for the north District the Florida.

Nominated: By chairman Benjamin Harrison in 1889.Charges: Abuse the contempt power and other misuses the officeAcquitted: through the Senate top top February 27, 1905.

1912

Robert Wodrow Archbald that the joined States business Court.

Nominated: through President william Howard Taft in 1910.Charges: Improper organization relationship v litigantsConvicted: by the Senate and removed from office on January 13, 1913.

1926

George Washington English that the United claims District Court for the Eastern district of Illinois.

Nominated: By president Woodrow Wilson in 1918.Charges: Abuse of powerResigned: from office November 4, 1926, in ~ which time impeachment proceedings to be dismissed.

1933

Harold Louderback of the United says District Court because that the north District of California.

Nominated: By chairman Calvin Coolidge in 1928. Charges: Favoritism in the appointment of bankruptcy receiversAcquitted: through the Senate on might 24, 1933.

1936

Halsted Lockwood Ritter of the United states District Court because that the southern District the Florida.

Nominated: By president Calvin Coolidge in 1929.Charges: Favoritism in the meeting of bankruptcy receivers and practicing law while sitting together a judgeConvicted: by the Senate and also removed native office on April 17, 1936.

1986

Harry Claiborne that the United says District Court because that the ar of Nevada.

Nominated: By chairman Jimmy Carter in 1978.Charges: revenue tax evasion and also remaining top top the bench adhering to a criminal convictionConvicted: by the Senate and also removed from office ~ above October 9, 1986.

1988

Alcee Hastings of the United states District Court because that the southerly District that Florida.

Nominated: By president Jimmy Carter in 1979.Charges: Perjury and also conspiring to solicit a bribeConvicted: through the Senate and also removed indigenous office on October 20, 1989.

1989

Walter Nixon of the United says District Court because that the southern District the Mississippi.

Nominated: by President lindon Johnson in 1968.Charges: Perjury prior to a federal cool juryConvicted: by the Senate and also removed from office on November 3, 1989.

2009

Samuel Kent the the United claims District Court because that the southern District the Texas.

Nominated: By president George H.W. Shrub in 1990.Charges: sexual assault, obstructing and impeding an official proceeding, and making false and misleading statements.Resigned: native office top top July 30, 2009, and also articles of impeachment were dismissed.

2010

Thomas Porteous that the United states District Court because that the Eastern ar of Louisiana.

Nominated: by President invoice Clinton in 1994.

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Charges: agree bribes and also making false declaration under punish of perjuryConvicted: by the Senate and removed from office ~ above December 8, 2010.