You hear people talking all the time about the prominence of drinking sufficient water, and also you can be constantly make the efforts to boost your intake. At the same time, though, have you ever wondered even if it is or not it’s possible to drink as well much? execute you concern that transporting a water bottle with you everywhere might do more harm than good?

Can you die from drink too lot water? If so, just how much water deserve to kill you? read on to find out the answers come these and other typical questions about over-hydrating.

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Water Intoxication: The Basics

Put simply, water intoxication is a medical condition that occurs when you drink too lot water in a short duration of time. It’s likewise known together hyperhydration, water toxemia, and/or water poisoning.


What Happens once You Drink Too much Water?

Water intoxication has the potential to be deadly because it causes a severe imbalance in electrolytes, specifically sodium <1>. 

Electrolytes are minerals that bring an electrical charge <2>. They likewise support ideal hydration, as well as a selection of bodily processes, consisting of muscle contraction, liver function, and kidney function.

When girlfriend drink too lot water (we’ll obtain to what “too much” looks favor in a minute), your salt levels drop lower than is healthy. As soon as sodium is as well low, water moves right into the body’s cells (including, potentially, the brain cells) and causes them come swell up.


What space the symptoms of Water Intoxication?

If you were to drink too lot water without offering your body sufficient time to make use of it and also flush that out, you might experience the adhering to symptoms, every one of which are associated with hyperhydration <3>: 

HeadachesMuscle crampsNausea and/or vomitingDrowsiness

In major cases, water intoxication have the right to cause more serious symptoms, consisting of confusion, seizures, and a lose of consciousness. If it’s left untreated for as well long, that can additionally become fatal.



How much Water Will result in a Water Overdose?

Currently, there’s no a lot of research top top water intoxication. Because of this, it’s additionally not 100 percent clear how much water it would certainly take to result in an overdose.


The results of a 2013 examine showed, though, that water intoxication symptoms typically show up once a human consumes an ext than about 3-4 liters of water (that’s 12-16 cups) over a period of a few hours (or less) <4>.

Another case report proved that symptom of water intoxication developed when soldiers spend 1.9 liters (or 8 cups) the water per hour <5>.

As you deserve to see, it takes a lot of water to cause hyperhydration. the is possible to acquire sick or possibly die indigenous too lot water, however it’s not specifically easy come reach the point. 

Chugging a couple of glasses as soon as you’re feeling extra thirsty no going come cause any type of serious health problems (if anything, it’ll most likely just cause a have to run come the bathroom sooner).


Sodium Matters, Too

Perhaps much more important than the specific amount the water girlfriend consume is your sodium levels. Remember, that the drop in sodium brought about by a dramatically increased water intake the leads to water intoxication. 

Some researchers have found that symptoms of hyperhydration start to show up as soon as serum sodium levels fall below 120 mmol/liter <1>. “Normal” is thought about to be in between 136 and 145 mmol/liter <6>. If salt levels drop to 90-105 mmol/liter, severe symptoms will likely start to current themselves.


Rule of Thumb

Generally speaking, your kidneys can excrete between 800 and 1,000 milliliters (0.8-1 liter) the water every hour <7>. With that in mind, it provides sense the less-than or equal to 800-1,000 milliliters of water every hour would be a safe amount because that most civilization to take in. 

Of course, this is merely a guideline. Everyone’s certain water requirements are unique and also determined based on a range of factors, such together their age, gender, and also general health status. 



Water Intoxication risk Factors

Healthy adults frequently don’t need to be too concerned around over-hydrating. Some civilization may be more likely to suffer this worry than others, though. 

For example, children and also elderly people tend to have less efficient kidneys, which means they cannot drink as lot water per hour together a healthy and balanced adult <8,9>. Folks of all periods who attend to kidney troubles will also need come be more careful 보다 others when it involves their water consumption.


If you have actually concerns about your water entry or concern that she drinking as well much, constantly talk to your doctor. Lock can assist you assess your consumption, evaluate her lifestyle, and also make sure you nothing have any type of underlying problems that could increase your hazard of hyperhydration.



How Is Water Intoxication Treated?

Treatments for water intoxication vary depending on the severity the the condition. 

If you doubt you’ve taken in too lot water, it’s essential to top a medical expert as quickly as possible. They can administer an assessment and also treatment right away if it’s needed. 

The following are some alternatives they might use to assist you protect against the effects of over-hydrating <11>:

Temporarily limiting usage of fluidsPrescribing diuretics to boost urine production and prevent liquid buildupReplacing sodium

If you have a details medical problem that brought about you becoming overly sign language (such as a kidney problem, reaction come medications, or severe electrolyte imbalance), they will certainly also address that condition directly. This will assist you to feel far better in the moment and avoid finding yourself in the same position again in the future. 



How to stop Over-Hydrating

The good news is the it’s not too hard to store yourself from taking in a lethal dose of water. 

The easiest way to prevent hyperhydration is come drink less than 0.8-1 liter the water per hour. Make certain you’re drinking sufficient water throughout the day, but shot to spread it out, quite than drinking it all in one sitting. 

For the record, the nationwide Academies the Science, Engineering, and also Medicine recommends that ladies consume 2.7 liters (91 ounces) that fluids per day and also men consume 3.7 liters (125 ounces) <12>. 

Keep in mind, too, that you don’t necessarily need to get all of your hydration from plain water. Water native food, such together fruits and vegetables, count towards hydration, together do various other drinks like tea, coffee, or juice.


What If You’re always Thirsty?

If you’re constantly drinking water (to the allude where she concerned about over-hydrating) because you’re genuinely thirsty, there might be something rather going on. The adhering to are some potential factors why you feel thirsty much more often than no <13>:

Regularly eating huge amounts of braided or spicy foodsPrescription medications like lithium, diuretics, or antipsychoticsChronic health problems like diabetesHeart, liver, and/or kidney failureSepsis (an inflammatory reaction indigenous an infection)

If you suspect that any kind of of these concerns are resulting in you come drink too much water, speak to your medical professional right away. 



Proper Post-Workout Rehydration 

Make sure you’re rehydrating correctly after a strenuous practice or game, too. Many civilization run right into trouble and also increase their risk of hyperhydration as soon as they’ve just pushed us to the limit, have actually been sweat a ton, and also chug a high volume of water as whole to try and settle the problem.

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Here space some tips the can help you replenish fluids and also electrolytes there is no going overboard:


Replace Fluids

The very first step come rehydrating is replacing fluids. According to the American Academy of sports Medicine, you must aim to drink in between 16 and 24 ounces (0.4-0.7 liters) that water because that every pound shed while exercising (weigh you yourself before and also after your workout to calculation the proper amount) <14>. 


Add Electrolytes

If you were sweating a lot during your workout, you might benefit from including an electrolyte drink mix like Hydrant to her water. 

Hydrant and also other mixes are easy-to-use options that carry out you through extra minerals, consisting of sodium, which you now recognize is crucial to preventing hyperhydration. As a bonus, they additionally make your water much more flavorful and also fun to drink (especially if level water is not your favorite).


Hydrate Before and During her Workout

You’ll be less likely come overdo the on water (and danger hyperhydration) after your workout if friend drink enough fluids before and also during every training session. 

In the same source mentioned above, the American Academy the Sports medicine recommends drinking 14-22 ounces (0.4-0.6 liters) of water two hours prior to exercising and 6-12 ounces (0.17-0.3 liters) of water every 15-20 minutes during your workout <14>.



Final Thoughts

Yes, a person have the right to die from drink too much water. However, the opportunities of this happening are slim. In ~ the finish of the day, many adults can probably advantage from drinking much more water and consuming added electrolytes. 

Follow the suggestions around over-hydrating that are laid out over and you’ll have no trouble conference your water requirements without walking overboard.