States problem driver’s patent under the constitutional government of the 10th Amendment. Conference enacted RealID in 2005, developing standards for state-issued driver’s licenses, including proof of lawful status. This short provides a an overview of state law authorizing driver’s licenses or authorization cards because that unauthorized immigrant (not to be offered for commonwealth identification purposes).

Sixteen states and also the ar of Columbia have enacted regulations to enable unauthorized immigrants to obtain driver’s licenses. This states—California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Hawaii, Illinois, Maryland, Nevada, new Jersey, brand-new Mexico, new York, Oregon, Utah, Vermont, Virginiaand Washington—issue a license if one applicant provides specific documentation, such as a foreign birth certificate,foreign passport, orconsular card and also evidence of current residency in the state.

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In 2020, Virginiabecame the many recent stateto enact legislation prolonging driver’s licenses and identification cards come those without proof the lawful existence (HB 1211).

Enacted Legislation

StateBillYear EnactedSummaryEffective Date


A 60


This law requires the room of motor Vehicles to issue driver's patent to individuals who room ineligible for a Social defense number, if the required documentation is provided.

Jan. 1, 2015


S 251


This law allows individuals to qualify because that a driver's license, instruction permit or identification card, in spite of the individual not being lawfully current or being just temporarily lawfully existing in the United states if particular conditions space met, together as giving state taxation returns.

Aug. 1, 2014


H 6495


This law provides driver's patent to applicants that submit a valid international passport or consular identification and proof that residency, regardless of legal existence in the unified States. Applicants must record to legalize as quickly as the or she is eligible

Jan. 1, 2015


S 59


This regulation creates the way for one undocumented immigrant to attain a control privilege card in Delaware. A driving privilege map or permit applicant must carry out the state v satisfactory documentary evidence and that the applicant has filed a Delaware income tax return or resided in Delaware and been declared as a dependency by an individual who has actually filed a state earnings tax return for the coming before two years. The map is not thought about a valid type of identification due to the applicant’s inability to prove legal existence in the U.S.

Dec. 27, 2015


H 1007


This legislation authorizes the issuance that driver’s patent to occupants of Hawaii who cannot carry out proof that authorized existence in the unified States. Applicants must carry out satisfactory evidence of identity and Hawaii residency.

Jan. 1, 2016


S 957


This law permits the Secretary of State to issue a short-lived visitor's driver's license to an separation, personal, instance who has actually resided in Illinois because that a stated time yet is ineligible to obtain a Social security number, and unable come prove lawful presence. A valid, unexpired international passport or consular identification document from their nation of citizenship are acceptable creates of identification.

Nov. 28, 2013


S 715


This regulation authorizes the issuance that driver’s licenses to those who execute not have lawful condition or a precious Social protection number. Brand-new applicants must carry out evidence the the applicant has actually filed 2 years that Maryland earnings tax return or evidence of residency or have been declared as a dependent by an separation, personal, instance who has actually filed Maryland income tax returns. The licenses space not precious for commonwealth identification purposes.

Jan. 1, 2014

New JerseyA47432019This law creates a standard driver's patent or identification that does not need proof the lawful presence. The legislation prohibits the motor car commission indigenous disclosing info to any federal, state or local legislation enforcement company for immigration objectives without the consent that the individual, a warrant, court stimulate or subpoena, uneven such restriction is contradictory to commonwealth law. The commission may not retain duplicates of files submitted to create eligibility because that a license or identification card.June 1, 2020

New Mexico

H 173


This law permits the room of motor Vehicles come accept tax identification numbers together a substitute because that a Social defense number nevertheless of immigration status.


New YorkS 17472019

This law authorizes the department of motor Vehicles to concern standard drivers’ licenses and also restricts what information can be retained and given out on those applying or stop licenses.

June 17, 2019
New YorkA36752019This legislation allows for the issuance that a driver's license to undocumented residents and protects the data the those using for such privilege native unwarranted release. The room of engine Vehicles may not disclose documents to any company that mostly enforces immigration regulation without a lawful court stimulate or judicial warrant. The law requires that any person or entity that has access to information from the room to certify that the info will not be used for polite immigration purposes. Application creates for non-commercial drivers' licenses and also learners' permits which execute not satisfy federal criter for identification might not state: the papers an applicant offered to prove age or identity; one applicant's ineligibility because that a social defense number whereby applicable; or an applicant's citizenship or immigrant status. A non-commercial driver's patent or learner's allow which go not fulfill federal criter for identification might not be supplied as evidence of a person's citizenship or immigration status, and also may no be the basis because that investigating, arresting, or detaining a person. Together licenses have to be visually identical to federal-purpose driver's licenses other than that together licenses may state "Not for federal Purposes".Dec. 14, 2019


S 303


This law creates a driver’s authorization map and permits applicants, regardless of legitimate status, to provide birth certificates or passports issued by a foreign country as proof of identity. This law likewise prohibits the relax of details relating to legal standing for objectives relating come the enforcement of immigration laws.

Jan. 1, 2014

OregonH20152019This regulation eliminates the requirement that a person administer proof of legit presence prior to the department of Transportation issues a noncommercial driver license, noncommercial driver permit or to know card. Acceptable documents to prove identity, day of bear or deal with when a person is using for a driver license, driver permit or to know card the is not a genuine ID, a commercial driver license, or a commercial learner driver permit, include: (a) an unexpired valid passport from the person’s country of citizenship; (b) one unexpired precious consular identification document issued by the consulate the the person’s nation of citizenship; (c) A driver license, driver permit or identification card issued by Oregon that expired much less than 13 years prior to the current application; or (d) A driver license, driver permit or identification card issued by an additional state the is unexpired or expired less than a year before the present application.Aug. 9, 2019


S 227


This law establishes a one-year driving privilege map for innocuous immigrants. Applicants without a Social protection number should prove Utah residency for six months and provide a taxes identification number. The card is specifically prohibited indigenous being offered for any type of identification purposes by a government entity.

March 8, 2005


S 38


This law enables those Vermont citizens unable to establish lawful existence in the United states to be eligible for a motor automobile operator's privilege map or alternative identification card.

Jan. 1, 2014

VirginiaHB 1211/SB 342020This legislation creates a driving privilege card or allow for applicants who execute not fulfill the needs for a driver's license or permit. The applicant must have actually reported income and deductions from Virginia sources, or been declared as a dependent, on one individual revenue tax return filed in the coming before 12 months and also may not be in violation of the insurance money requirements. Applicants might not be required to present proof that legal existence in the united States. A driver privilege card or permit will certainly expire ~ above the applicant's second birthday complying with the day of issuance. The prior of a driver privilege card or permit must be the same in appearance come a driver's patent or permit the is not a real ID credential and also the ago of the card or permit should be identical in appearance come the border on the back of a limited-duration license, allow or distinct identification card.Jan. 1, 2021


H 1444


This law allows drivers license applicants there is no Social protection numbers to carry out alternate documentation to present proof that residence in the state of Washington together as house utility bills and tax identification numbers.

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July 25, 1993

District that Columbia

B 275


This law creates a minimal purpose driver's license, permit, or identification map for a district resident who has not to be assigned a Social defense number or cannot create legal visibility in the joined States.