Some states, like Virginia, have laws top top the publications that contradict existing state policy as spread by the present governor. Here we have tried to perform the current policy together it impacts those through felony convictions. Please note the critical updated day on this page and also consult her state government if friend have any questions.

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9 States*: May lose Vote Permanently

Alabama, Arizona, Delaware, Florida, Iowa, Kentucky, Mississippi, Tennessee, & Wyoming

*Maryland and Missouri might permanently disenfranchise voter convicted of certain election crimes, however we’ve categorized the states according come the policy for the most people.

16 States: Vote restored after Prison, Parole, & Probation

Alaska, Arkansas, Georgia, Idaho, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, new Mexico, Oklahoma, south Carolina, southern Dakota, Texas, West Virginia, & Wisconsin

2 States: Vote revived after prison & Parole

Connecticut & Louisiana

21 States: Vote revived after Prison

California, Colorado, Hawaii, Illinois, Indiana, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Montana, Nevada, brand-new Hampshire, brand-new Jersey, brand-new York, phibìc Carolina, phibìc Dakota, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Utah, Virginia, & Washington*

*The Washington law signed ~ above Apr. 7, 2021 by branch Jay Inslee restoring the ideal to vote upon relax from jail goes into effect in Jan. 2022. Until then, the ideal to vote is not revived until prison, parole, and probation are completed.

2 says & DC: Unrestricted; may Vote indigenous Prison

DC, Maine & Vermont


Some human being convicted of a felony may apply to have their vote restored immediately upon perfect of their full sentence. Those judge of details felony offenses such together murder, rape, incest, sex-related crime versus children, and also treason are not eligible for re-enfranchisement.

Instructions for Voting Restoration, State of Alabama (accessed Oct. 24, 2017)


Automatic voting reconstruction upon perfect of sentence and also payment of every fines for first-time, single-felony offenders. Second-time felony offenders may use for reconstruction with your county after completion of your sentence.

Instructions for Voting Restoration, State that Arizona, (accessed Oct. 24, 2017)


On Sep. 28, 2016, California Gov. Jerry Brown signed abdominal 2466, a invoice that enables convicted felons who room serving time in ar jails (rather than state prison) the ability to poll from within jail.

On Nov. 3, 2020, California voters approved Proposition 17, which permits people on special amnesty to vote.

Assembly invoice No. 2466 (accessed Oct. 4, 2016)Ballotpedia, “California Proposition 17, voting Rights repair for people on special amnesty Amendment,” (accessed Nov. 4, 2020)


On July 1, 2019, a law went into effect that reenfranchises world convicted of felonies who have been exit from prison, yet who are serving parole.

Source: Alex Burness, “As the Today, 11,467 Colorado Parolees can Register come Vote. Will certainly They?,”, July 2019


On Apr. 16, 2013 the Delaware Senate pass the Hazel D. Plant Voter repair Act in a 15-6 vote. The act amended the Delaware constitution by removed the 5 year waiting duration for many felons to regain the ability to vote. People convicted that a felony (with some exceptions) room now automatically eligible to poll after serving their complete sentence consisting of incarceration, parole, and probation.

Exceptions: people convicted of killing or manslaughter, a felony offense against public management involving bribery, wrong influence, or abuse of office, or a felony sexual offense continue to be permanently disqualified from voting.

Hazel D. Plant Voter restoration Act (accessed Apr. 16, 2013)Delaware Constitution: article V section 2 (accessed Feb. 12, 2014)


On Nov. 6, 2018, Florida voters passed amendment 4 (64% in donate – 36% opposed), permitting people through prior felony convictions (other 보다 murder and also sex offenses) to immediately regain their capability to vote when they have actually served their terms of incarceration and also completed every parole and probation. On June 28, 2019, branch Ron DeSantis signed invoice SB 7066 that requires previous felons come pay all restitution, court fees, and also fines before they have the right to regain the ideal to vote.

The legislation has because undergone several rounds the court challenges. The united state Supreme Court ruled on July 16, 2020, that the law requiring payment that fines prior to restoration of voting rights can be applied by the state the Florida. Top top Sep. 11, 2020, the 11th Circuit Court the Appeals upheld the Florida law requiring payment, stating, “Florida withholds the franchise from any felon, nevertheless of wealth, who has failed to complete any term the his criminal sentence—financial or otherwise.”

Sources: The Washington Post, “Florida overcome Amendment to gain back Felons’ voting Rights,”, Nov. 7, 2018 Brooke Seipel, “Florida Gov indicators Law requiring Felons come Pay off Fines prior to They deserve to Vote,”, June 28, 2019 Tal Axelrod, “Florida supreme Court rules Convicted Felons must Pay Fines, Fees before Voting,”, Jan. 16, 2020Tal Axelrod, “Court Sides through Ex-Felons Who challenged Florida voting Requirement,” the, Feb. 19, 2020 Lori Rozsa, “Federal Judge increases Voting decision to use to all Ex-Felons in Florida,”, Apr. 7, 2020Corey Goldstone, “Ruling at Upcoming psychological Will use to thousands of Thousands of Floridians seeking Voting civil liberties Restoration,”, Apr. 7, 2020Lawrence Mower, “Appeals Court Halts Florida Felons native Registering come Vote, Pending further Review,”, July 1, 2020Dan Berman, “Supreme Court states Florida have the right to Enforce law Limiting Felons who Owe Fines indigenous Voting,”, July 16, 2020 J. Edward Moreno, “Court Upholds Florida regulation Requiring Felons to pay Fines, Fees before They deserve to Vote,”, Sep. 11, 2020

According come the Florida Rights reconstruction Coalition website (accessed Nov. 7, 2018), “If you to be convicted of a felony in one more state and had your civil rights restored before you ended up being a Florida resident, you perform not need to use for RCR in Florida.


On Jan. 14, 2011, the Republican governor of Iowa, terry Branstad, issued executive order 70, rescinding a law allowing people convicted of a felony to immediately have their capacity to vote revived after completing your sentences. The automatically voting repair law had actually been instituted by former autonomous Governor Tom Vilsack’s signing of executive order 42 in 2005. Felons in Iowa have to now pay all outstanding monetary obligations to the court in enhancement to completing their sentence and duration of parole or probation. Civilization convicted that a felony may then apply for restoration of the capacity to vote.

On Aug. 5, 2020, Iowa governor Kim Reynolds signed an executive, management order instantly restoring the vote to former felons who have completed their sentences. World convicted that felony homicide will certainly still have actually to use for reenfranchisement.

Executive stimulate 70 – Signed Jan. 14, 2011, terrycloth Branstad, branch (R)Executive stimulate 42 – Signed July 4, 2005, cutting board J. Vilsack, JD, branch (D)Iowa systematized Application for reconstruction of Citizenship legal rights (accessed Oct. 20, 2017)Veronica Stracqualursi, “Iowa Governor indications Executive stimulate Restoring some Ex-Felons’ poll Rights,”, Aug. 5, 2020


On Nov. 24, 2015, Kentucky Gov. Steven L. Beshear issued executive, management order 2015-871 to immediately restore the ideal to poll to nonviolent felons who have actually completed probation, parole, and also who have no exceptional court-ordered restitution payments. Top top Dec. 22, 2015, newly chosen Gov. Matthew G. Bevin issued executive order 2015-052, rescinding the ahead Governor’s executive, management order. On Dec. 12, 2019, top top his 3rd day in office, newly chosen Gov. Andy Beshear (son of former governor Steven Beshear) signed an executive, management order restoring the vote to 140,000 human being who had completed their sentences for nonviolent felonies.Those judge of violent felonies did not have their votes restored, leaving Kentucky categorized as a state in which civilization may permanently shed their votes.

Executive bespeak 2019-033 – Signed Dec. 12, 2019, Andy Beshear, branch (D) executive Order 2015-052 – Signed Dec. 22, 2015, Matthew G. Bevin, governor (R) executive Order 2015-871 – Signed Nov. 24, 2015, Steven L. Beshear, governor (D) Kentucky applications for restoration of Civil legal rights (accessed Oct. 24, 2017)


On might 31, 2018, Louisiana Gov. John Bel Edwards signed residence Bill 265 into law. As soon as the regulation goes into effect on Mar. 1, 2019, all world who have been judge of a felony in Louisiana, and who have actually not been incarcerated in prison during the previous 5 years, will be enabled to register to vote, also if they are still serving a ax of probation or parole.

House bill 265 – Signed may 31, 2018, john Bel Edwards, branch (D)


On Feb. 9, 2016, the Maryland basic Assembly overrode the Governor’s veto of SB 340 and revitalized the vote to every convicted felons instantly upon their relax from prison. Previously, judge felons in Maryland had actually to complete all parole and also probation before they were able come vote.

Senate bill 340 (accessed Feb. 9, 2016)


People judge of a felony room barred from voting just if they have actually been convicted of one or more of the following certain felony crimes: “murder, rape, bribery, theft, arson, obtaining money or products under false pretense, perjury, forgery, embezzlement, bigamy, armed robbery, extortion, felony bad check, felony shoplifting, larceny, receiving stolen property, robbery, wood larceny, unlawful acquisition of a engine vehicle, statutory rape, carjacking, or larceny under lease or rental agreement.”To restore the capacity to vote, one individual, after perfect of his/her sentence, have to go come his/her state representative and convince them to personally author a bill restoring the vote to that individual. Both dwellings of the legislature must then pass the bill. Re-enfranchisement can likewise be granted directly by the governor.Individuals convicted of felonies in Mississippi remain eligible to vote for us President in federal elections.

Mississippi Constitution: write-up 12, ar 241 (accessed June 8, 2012) Mississippi Constitution: post 12, section 253 (accessed June 8, 2012)


People judge of a felony are automatically permitted come vote two years after perfect of your sentence the incarceration and also all parole and probation for all convictions other than treason.

Felon Voting legal rights FAQ (accessed Oct. 24, 2017)


On might 30, 2019, Nevada’s branch signed Assembly invoice 431, which enabled for the automatic repair of voting privileges to all human being upon relax from prison.

Nevada Assembly bill 431 (accessed might 30, 2019)

New Jersey

On. Dec. 18, 2019, branch Phil Murphy signed regulation to restore voting rights to those who are on probation or special amnesty after completing jail sentences. The regulation will take effect in Mar. 2020. Previously, vote was allowed only after completion of probation or parole.

Source: Reid Wilson, “New Jersey Governor signs Voting Rights restoration Bill, “, Dec. 18, 2019

New York

On Apr. 18, 2018, brand-new York governor Andrew Cuomo issued executive Order 181 to restore the best to poll to parolees, dependence upon testimonial of records by the Governor’s Office. The Commissioner the the department of Corrections and also Community Supervision will certainly submit records for people released from prison in the prior month beginning on may 1, 2018 for review. Previously, voting was allowed only after completion of parole.

On might 4, 2021, branch Cuomo signed a bill right into law that immediately restores voting rights upon relax from prison, also if the human being is ~ above parole. Previously, under Cuomo’s executive, management order, the human would have actually to use for a testimonial of records.

Executive stimulate No. 181, Signed Apr. 18, 2018, Andrew M. Cuomo

Jordan Williams, “Cuomo indicators Legislation Restoring Voting rights to Felons upon release from Prison,”, might 5, 2021

North Carolina

On Aug. 23, 2021, a three-judge dashboard in north Carolina authorize a preliminary injunction proclaiming that human being convicted the felonies who have completed their prison time should be allowed to register to vote immediately. The injunction revived the appropriate to vote to around 56,000 human being who are on probation, parole or post-release supervision. The injunction may be appealed.

Associated Press, “Roughly 56,000 Felony Offenders have the right to Now poll In phibìc Carolina,”, Aug. 23, 2021

Mychael Schnell, “Civil rights Groups: phibìc Carolina judgment Will permit 56K Felony offenders to Vote,”, Aug. 23, 2021

South Dakota

On Mar. 19, 2012, HB 1247 to be enacted. The invoice took the ability to vote away from judge felons serving regards to probation. Previously, only civilization on parole or incarcerated to be ineligible to register to vote. Currently convicted felons have to serve their complete term the incarceration, parole, and probation before they may register come vote.

South Dakota: HB 1247 (accessed June 8, 2012)


All world convicted that a felony because 1981, other than for some significant felonies such together murder, rape, treason and also voter fraud, may apply to the plank of Probation and Parole for voting repair upon completion of your sentence.People convicted of a felony between Jan. 15, 1973, and also May 17, 1981, are eligible to register to poll regardless the the crime committed. Civilization convicted of particular felonies prior to Jan. 15, 1973 might be barred indigenous voting.

Tennessee repair of Voting rights (accessed Oct. 24, 2017)


Virginia law indicates that former felons will certainly be disenfranchised.

On Apr. 18, 2014 Governor terry McAuliffe announced alters to Virginia’s repair of legal rights process. Under the new rules, people convicted of non-violent felonies (including medicine crimes) will have actually their ability to vote automatically revived providing the they:1. Have actually completed your term that incarceration and also all probation or parole;2. Have paid every court costs, fines, and also any restitution; and3. Have no pending felony charges.On June 23, 2015 governor McAuliffe announced that “outstanding court costs and also fees will no much longer prohibit an individual from having actually his or her legal rights restored.”On Apr. 22, 2016, branch McAuliffe signed an order restoring the vote to all 200,000+ felons in Virginia, regardless of your charge, who had completed your term the incarceration and their ax of probation or parole. The New York times reports (Apr. 22, 2016, “Virginia branch Restores Voting legal rights to Felons”) that the governor’s activity will not apply to felons released in the future, although the Governor’s aides to speak he plans “to issue similar orders on a monthly communication to cover civilization as they are released.”On July 22, 2016 the Virginia can be fried Court overturned Gov. Terrycloth McAuliffe’s blanket reconstruction of voting civil liberties for over 200,000 judge felons. In a push release the Governor declared that the “will expeditiously sign almost 13,000 separation, personal, instance orders to gain back the basic rights the the citizens that have had actually their rights restored and registered come vote. And I will continue to authorize orders until I have completed restoration for all 200,000 Virginians.”On Mar. 16, 2021, governor Ralph Northam issued rules that allows those through felony convictions to vote as soon as they have actually completed their prison sentences.

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Fredreka Schouten, “Virginia Gov. Northam Restores Voting civil liberties to 69,000 previous Felons with new Policy,”, Mar. 16, 2021Governor McAuliffe’s statement on the Virginia can be fried Court Decision (accessed July 26, 2016) branch McAuliffe Restores Voting and also Civil rights to over 200,000 Virginians (accessed Apr. 22, 2016)Governor McAuliffe Announces brand-new Reforms to repair of Rights process (accessed July 2, 2015) governor McAuliffe’s Letter Outlining His Policy changes (accessed Apr. 21, 2014)


All world with a felony conviction should re-register to vote after completion of their sentence and also all parole and also probation. However, the Secretary that State’s website says that “your poll rights can be revoked if the sentencing court determines that you have actually failed come comply with the terms of your legit financial obligations.”

Legislation signed on Apr. 7, 2021 by branch Jay Inslee restores the appropriate to poll upon relax from prison and also goes into impact in Jan. 2022. Till then, the appropriate to vote is not revived until prison, parole, and probation space completed.

Felons and Voting civil liberties (accessed Oct. 20, 2017)


Wyoming reconstruction of Voting rights (accessed Oct. 24, 2017) Wyoming repair of Voting rights Application (accessed Oct. 24, 2017)

General Source: Brennan center for Justice, “Criminal Disenfranchisement Laws throughout the unified States,”, Apr. 7, 2021