Men over 40 who have type 2 diabetes may confront an boosted risk for occurring penile yeast infections.Robert Nicholas/Getty Images
Yeast infections are usually connected with women, however men aren't safe from this infections, either.

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The term "yeast infection" usually refers to a vaginal infection caused by the yeast Candida albicans, and also less frequently other Candida species, consisting of C. GlabrataC. ParapsilosisC. Tropicalis, and C. Krusei. (1)

But yeast infections, or candidiasis, can influence other areas of the body.

For instance, a yeast infection of the mouth is called thrush, or oral candidiasis, and also a yeast infection of the skin (such as the armpits and also groin) is dubbed cutaneous candidiasis. (2,3)

A yeast epidemic of the penis is called candidal (or candida) balanitis, or balanitis thrush.

The hatchet "balanitis" describes an epidemic of the glans penis, i m sorry is the head that the penis. Candida infects the glans penis more often than any type of other contagious agent.

If the yeast infection additionally affects the foreskin, the is known as candidal balanoposthitis. (4)

Prevalence of Candidal Balanitis, a Yeast epidemic of the Penis

Candida yeasts room responsible for 30 to 35 percent that all cases of balanitis, according to a report published in the journal Clinical Microbiology Reviews. (4)

Other contagious sources that balanitis include streptococci and also staphylococci bacteria, Herpes simplex virus and human papillomavirus, and also a sexuallytransfer bacterium dubbed Mycoplasma genitalium. (5)

But candida balanitis is not well studied, so it's unclear how numerous men the disease affects each year (though it's assumed to it is in a rare condition).

Various Candida species, most notably C. Albicans, live in the gastrointestinal tract and other warm locations of the body without causing illness (they only cause issues as soon as they're current in huge numbers). (4)

In fact, about 20 percent of females have Candida living in their vagina and don't endure any yeast infection symptoms, follow to a report released in the journal The Lancet. (1)

Candida is typically found ~ above the penis, through studies saying that 16 come 26 percent that men bring the yeast. Around 37 percent of men with Candida endure no symptoms, when 27 percent of them construct balanitis, follow to a research of new attendees to a clinic for sexuallytransfer diseases. (6)

Causes and also Risk factors of Candidal Balanitis or Penile Yeast Infection

Unlike v vaginal yeast infections, penile yeast infections space usually sexually acquired — when a man has actually sex through someone who has actually a yeast infection.

But candidal balanitis isn't considered a sexually transmitted an illness (STD) because men can obtain the infection without having actually sex.

There are numerous risk determinants that boost a man's risk of getting a penile yeast infection, including:

Antibiotics, which death the "good" bacteria the keep Candida's number in check

Additionally, Candida yeast colonization and also infection are more common among men through uncircumcised penises than guys with circumcised penises (the warm, moist atmosphere underneath the foreskin disclosure yeast growth). (6)

A study released in the Journal of europe Academy the Dermatology and also Venereology found that candidal balanitis was strongly linked with age over 40 years and also diabetes mellitus. And men older 보다 60 years were much more likely to have Candida colonization. (7)

Hygiene may additionally play a function in candidal balanitis development.

Washing with perfumed shower head gels and soaps deserve to irritate the skin, perhaps helping Candida multiply. (8)

Symptoms of masculine Yeast infections (Candidal Balanitis)

Common symptoms of candidal balanitis include:

Redness and also swellingSmall, rash-like bumps referred to as papules, i m sorry may have actually pusPain during urination or sex

If you have actually candidal balanoposthitis, girlfriend may also have:

A thick, lumpy discharge under the foreskinAn uncomfortable odor that the foreskinDifficulty pulling back your foreskin

Men v diabetes may experience more severe symptoms, including liquid buildup and also ulceration the the penis, and also fissuring that the foreskin.

Complications with balanitis room rare, however may encompass an i can not qualify to retract the foreskin, cellulitis (inflammation that connective tissue beneath the skin), and a narrowing that the urethra that renders urinating difficult. (6,9)

Treating Penile Yeast infections (Yeast infection in Men)

Like quality yeast infections, penile yeast infections are conveniently treated v antifungal drugs called azoles.

There room a variety of over-the-counter and also prescription-based topical medicines available, including:

In part cases, this drugs may be linked with hydrocortisone to reduce marked inflammation.

Importantly, topical oil-based medication can not be offered with latex condoms.

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Alternatively, an oral azole medication called Diflucan (fluconazole) is efficient for yeast infections.

If the subject or dental treatments don't work, make sure to watch your doctor, as you may have an additional kind that balanitis or an epidemic by a Candida species resistant to azole antifungals. (6,10)