A new study mirrors the apex predators will flee their hunting grounds and also won’t return for approximately a year when killer whales happen by

Orcas kill good white sharks, then eat your calorie-dense livers. Michael Weberberger/Getty pictures

It’s pretty much typical wisdom the the optimal predator in the ocean is the great white shark (that is, if over there isn’t a remnant populace of megalodon concealed somewhere in the deep). But a new study reveals that the massive shark is not the ocean’s optimal apex predator: that title correct belongs come orcas, also known as killer whales.

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The revelation comes from a record in Nature clinical Reports by an elderly research scientist Salvador Jorgensen in ~ the Monterey bay Aquarium and also his colleagues. Ed Yong in ~ The Atlantic reports that over the years, when studying great white sharks, Jorgensen and also his team began to notice that as soon as killer whales gone into the scene, the sharks make an exit, and in many cases did no return for months. In particular, in 2009 the team radio-tagged 17 sharks roughly Southeast Farallon Island in better Farallones National marine Sanctuary, a marine and also wildlife refuge turn off the shore of California. The sharks happily munched top top young elephant seals in the waters roughly the island, which they regularly do in between September and December. But when a pod the orcas gone into the waters for just a pair of hours, the sharks high-tailed it out of there and also most no return the season.

To understand if that case was usual or the whole thing was a fluke, Jorgensen and his team looked depth in the data, assessing information around 165 great white sharks tagged in the Farallones between 2006 and also 2013. They compared that v whale, shark and also seal surveys built up in the maritime sanctuary accumulated over 27 years.

What they uncovered was a traditional pattern. Once orca whales entered the area, the sharks bolted from Southeast Farallon and adjacent islands. “When confronted by orcas, white sharks will automatically vacate their wanted hunting ground and will no return for as much as a year, also though the orcas are just passing through,” Jorgensen claims in a press release.

Sarah Sloat in ~ Inverse reports the if the whales obtain within 2 miles the the islands, the sharks will load up and leave. In an median year, researchers space able to record 40 elephant seals eaten by sharks. However in years where the orcas make an appearance, i beg your pardon they did in 2009, 2011 and 2013, the number drops by 62 percent indigenous the ahead year. Because that the seals it deserve to be a win-win situation. If the whales simply pass by and don’t stop to snack however still clear out the sharks, the young seals can chase fish in family member security.

So why room the sharks, i m sorry can flourish up to 18 feet long, so fear of orcas? Yong reports that most of what us know about white shark/orca meet doesn’t end well for the sharks. In 1997, throughout the very first interaction ever before recorded, anglers near south east Farallon witnessed a pair of orcas death a young an excellent white the tried to sleep in on the sea lion they were eating. The orcas bashed the to death then ate his liver.

In 2017, 5 corpses of great white sharks washed up on the beaches of southern Africa, all with their livers nearly surgically removed. It to be the work-related of orcas, which death the sharks then make a wound close to the calorie-dense shark liver. They climate squish the yummy treat out of the shark and leave the rest of the corpse. “It’s choose squeezing toothpaste,” Jorgensen speak Yong.

Researchers are start to understand just how the instinct to stop predators create a “landscape the fear” that have the right to have wide-ranging effects on ecosystems. This brand-new study reflects that the concept likewise applies in the oceans. “We don"t typically think about how fear and risk aversion might play a duty in shaping where large predators hunt and how that impacts ocean ecosystems,” Jorgensen states in the push release. “It turns out these risk effects are very solid even for huge predators like white sharks—strong sufficient to redirect your hunting task to less preferred however safer areas.”

Let’s just hope those safer searching grounds aren’t as well close to shore.

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Jason Daley | | READ an ext

Jason Daley is a Madison, Wisconsin-based writer specializing in natural history, science, travel, and the environment. His occupational has showed up in Discover, Popular Science, Outside, Men’s Journal, and also other magazines.