One of ripe bureaus under the internal Department, the office of soil Management’s root go back to America’s founding. BLM was established on July 16, 1946, once the basic Land Office and the U.S. Grazing company were merged. Much more than 70 year later, it stays a tiny agency through a big job -- regulating public lands because that multiple-uses favor recreation and natural source development for the benefit of present and also future generations. 

Check the end these exciting facts about the current responsibilities and also duties that BLM. 

1. BLM’s predecessor helped homesteaders settle the American west.

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The basic Land Office, i m sorry was established in 1812 and also later came to be BLM, supervised the disposition the ceded and acquired lands. This office helped organize western land negotiation after our young nation began gaining land v the Louisiana Purchase. Today, BLM continues to maintain much more than ripe million historic land documents and also records obtainable to the public.

This 1918 picture shows the all-female inspection crew from the U.S. General Land Office, Minidoka Project, Idaho. Photo by office of land Management.

2. BLM oversees 245 million surface ar acres of windy lands because that the American people. The agency manages 1 in 10 acres in the U.S., or around 12 percent the the landmass that the U.S. It is a little bit less than the dimension of Texas. The land is primarily situated in the western states, consisting of Alaska, California, new Mexico and Wyoming. 

The 97,880-acre Eagletail hills Wilderness is about 65 mile west the Phoenix, Arizona. Photograph by bureau of floor Management.

3. BLM’s oil and gas program is a boon for the U.S. Economy. In 2018 oil and gas breakthrough on Bureau-managed lands sustained over 470,000 tasks nationwide and also contributed $105 exchange rate to the economy. The over $3 billion of yearly proceeds native leases and royalties in 32 claims is split in between the U.S. Treasury and also the state whereby the power is developed. In addition, BLM manages operations on roughly 4,500 oil and also gas leases on behalf of tribes and also individual Indian mineral owners. 

An oil rig on few of the 32 million acres under lease to developers. Photo by office of land Management.

4. BLM firefighters protect public lands, wildlife neighboring communities from the threat of wildfires. convert camouflage for flame-resistant gear, many veterans continue to offer our nation by involvement BLM firefighting crews. Right now there are eight BLM veteran wildland fire crews ready to respond to crises across the country. BLM additionally partners with other federal agencies through the nationwide Interagency Fire facility to prevent and also manage wildfires. In February, BLM announced the installation of 11,000 mile of fuel breaks in the great Basin to stop the spread of wildfire. Past fighting fires, Smokejumpers in Idaho freshly used your sewing skills to make and also then donate end 2,000 masks come combat COVID-19.

A veteran firefighter walks through a blaze in Oregon. Photo by Caleb Strough, bureau of floor Management.

5. Plenty of BLM-managed lands serve as the end laboratories, permitting students to find the old world through actual artifacts. forty years ago, BLM created temporary structures to protect the Cleveland-Lloyd Dinosaur Quarry in Utah. This day the Cleveland-Lloyd Dinosaur Quarry features a state-of-the-art, sustainable building. These artifacts still enlighten students come the wonders of researching the past, and also give them the structure of geology and also paleontology -- motivating lifelong stewards that America’s windy lands.

A student research studies a dinosaur footprint. Photograph by office of soil Management.

6. Amazing recreational tasks abound ~ above BLM-managed windy lands. native traditional activities like hiking, hunting, and fishing come daring adventures like hill biking, horseback riding, whitewater rafting, hang-gliding and also off-highway auto driving, there room so many fun activities available on windy lands. Over 6,000 mile of national Scenic and also Historic Trails provide wonderful relationships to nature in 15 states. Suffer them you yourself -- find outdoor avenues in your area. 

A mountain biker removes a hill ~ above the Sandy Ridge Trails in Oregon. Picture courtesy that Leslie Kehmeier, worldwide Mountain Bicycling Association.

7. Publicly lands strength American homes and businesses. BLM’s “all the the above” energy method generates an increasing amount of energy on publicly lands. Over 308 million loads of coal were created on commonwealth land in 2018, most of it used for generating electricity. Fourty percent that the country’s geothermal power is generated on publicly lands. In addition to overseeing energy breakthrough on windy lands, BLM additionally authorizes transmission and also pipeline jobs to lug power to farming markets in the West and Southwest.

A see of utilities and also wind generators in the California Desert preservation Area photo by Bob Wick, bureau of soil Management.

8. BLM’s grazing regimen helps support healthy rangelands. BLM manages breed cub grazing on 155 million acres of publicly lands, keeping open spaces and shaping the personality of the American West. Reindeer grazing throughout 3.8 million acres is simply one the the countless grazing opportunities. Learn much more about BLM’s rangelands and also grazing program.

Sheep graze top top hills controlled by the BLM. Photo by Bob Wick, office of floor Management.

While the office of Land monitoring may be a fairly small agency, its mission together the biggest federal land manager has a huge impact on how we interact with public lands.

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