Copy link dismiss
death the child drawing, Getty ImagesLate 1859Henry McCarty is thought to it is in born to an ireland immigrant named Catherine McCarty. Back the identification of his father is uncertain, Henry probably lived alone through his mommy in the slums of brand-new York City before moving to Indianapolis some time in the next decade.

You are watching: Billy the kid documentary history channel

March 1, 1873Catherine McCarty marries wilhelm Antrim in Santa Fe, brand-new Mexico. Through this time, Catherine has occurred tuberculosis, and also before long the family members settles in silver- City come take advantage both the the local mining opportunities and of the far better climate.

September 16, 1874After being confined to bed for months, Catherine McCarty Antrim dies of tuberculosis. Henry"s stepfather expresses tiny interest in increasing the teenage boy, and also Henry will move in to a regional boardinghouse run by Mrs. Sarah Brown.

September 23, 1875Henry is arrested because that his function in a theft v his boardinghouse friend George Schaefer. According to the legend, Henry acted together a lookout when Schaefer robbed a Chinese to wash operator, steal clothing and two pistols. Henry is charged v larceny and also incarcerated.

September 25, 1875Shimmying up v the chimney, Henry escapes native the ar jail and probably heads out to Chloride Flats wherein his stepfather is mining. At just 15, Henry starts his life as an outlaw.

Henry"s escape renders the silver- City Herald the following day -- the is the first story ever published around him.

After Henry travels 500 miles in the new Mexican desert alone, Antrim reportedly provides Henry money and tells him to leave town.

April 19, 1876Henry arrives near Camp approve in the Arizona territory, searching for work. He choose up some work on ranches in the area and earns the infamous label Kid, a common nickname for juvenile delinquents.

The Kid quickly lives up to his moniker by gambling frequently and also falling in with a gang led by regional criminal man R. Mackie, that was well-known as a equine thief and suspected murderer.

March 25, 1877Along v Mackie, the kid is arrested under the name "Henry Antrim alias Kid." The guys are fee stealing three horses belonging to soldiers. Despite being shackled, the son manages come escape if guards are attending a neighborhood dance.

August 17, 1877The child brazenly return to the area near Camp Grant, AZ, and joins a poker game where that exchanges insults with blacksmith Francis "Windy" Cahill. As soon as Cahill apparently pins Henry to the ground and slaps him, the child shoots Cahill. The boy then flees ago to the brand-new Mexico Territory. Cahill will die the complying with day.

Kid Antrim subsequently links up with a group of thieves south of silver- City. This band, well-known as "the boys," was part of a big outlaw network, a type of organized crime syndicate of the Southwest.

Late 1877The child assumes the alias william H. Bonney.

He is arrested and also jailed in Lincoln County for possessing horses belonging to cattleman man Tunstall. Top top the Kid"s release, however, the 24-year-old Tunstall hires him to job-related as a cowboy and also gunman ~ above his ranch.

February 18, 1878Tunstall leaves his ranch through the Kid and four various other men, transporting nine steeds to Lincoln. On their way, a posse (possibly consisting of James Dolan, Billy Matthews, Jesse Evans and also Buckshot Roberts) order Tunstall"s breed cub seized on behalf of Sheriff Brady. When Tunstall philosophies the posse, members that the posse shoot and also kill Tunstall.

This event instigates what will involved be recognized as the legendary Lincoln county War.

Early march 1878Dick Brewer, Tunstall"s foreman, is appointed "special constable" by justice of the tranquility John Wilson, giving Brewer the power to do arrests. He immediately forms a group referred to as the Regulators, a deputized posse that consists of Billy the Kid. The Regulators think about themselves a lawful posse with license come avenge the murder of Tunstall, and also they room paid $4 a work in their quest for revenge.

Wasting little time, the Regulators capture three members the Dolan"s posse. On route to the prison in Lincoln every three detainees are killed.

New Mexico branch Samuel beach Axtell access time Lincoln the end of worry over the mayhem and also cancels Squire Wilson"s appointment as justice that the peace, effectively turning the Regulators right into outlaws.

April 1, 1878The Kid and also five other Regulators place themselves in a corral surprise by a 10-foot wall. Together Sheriff Brady walks down the street they open fire, killing him and also a deputy in retaliation for Tunstall"s death. Throughout the fight, the son is shooting in the thigh, however he escapes.

Three job later, Buckshot Roberts tracks the Regulators down. Both he and Dick Brewer will be killed.

Over the next three months, the violence escalates on both sides. Several an ext people room killed, yet in the courtrooms, just Regulators space indicted for any of the murders.

July 15, 1878The fighting peaks v the Five-Day War. In Lincoln, 60 Regulators struggle a total battle versus James Dolan, Sheriff George Peppin and about 40 of your men.

July 19, 1878After five days that fighting, military cavalry and infantry carriers ride right into Lincoln v a rapid-fire Gatling gun, 2,000 ring of ammunition, and also a 12-pound mountain howitzer. Despite claiming to continue to be neutral, the Army aims their cannon at the Regulators, and also threatens to "blow the home away" if anyone inside fires. Number of Regulators flee, diminishing your ranks come 13.

Sheriff Peppin surrounding the house, setting it top top fire and also calling for surrender. Taking command, the son tries to save the others by do a operation for it and causing a diversion, yet it is no successful. During the firefight later dubbed "the large killing," most of the staying Regulators space killed and the Dolan faction insurance claims victory.

September 30, 1878President Rutherford B. Hayes appoints Lew Wallace as governor of the brand-new Mexico are in hopes that he have the right to restore order. Branch Wallace soon concerns a proclamation of amnesty for all parties affiliated in the Lincoln ar War, except those right now under indictment. Regrettably for the Kid, the murders of Sherriff Brady and Buckshot Roberts avoid him indigenous receiving pardon.

February 18, 1879On the one-year anniversary of Tunstall"s murder, the Kid and also four others ride come Lincoln to fulfill with Jimmy Dolan and also four the his men. The meeting virtually turns violent, but ultimately both sides accomplish in the center of the road, shake hands, and sign an agreement to prevent testifying against or killing each other. It is additionally agreed that if anyone violates the pact "he must be killed on sight."

March 13, 1879Governor Wallace receive the very first of number of letters indigenous the Kid. In his letter the son says, "I have actually no wish to fight any kind of more. Certainly I have actually not raised an arm due to the fact that your proclamation. Regarding my character, ns refer to any type of of the citizens, because that the majority of them space my friends and have been helping me every they could. I am dubbed Kid Antrim however Antrim is my stepfathers name. Wait for one annser I stay your obedeint servant."

Wallace replies come the Kid"s letter telling him to appear at Squire Wilson"s residence in Lincoln in ~ a particular date and time. Wallace also writes, "I have actually the authority to exempt you from prosecution, if you will testify come what girlfriend know... If you could trust Jesse Evans, you deserve to trust me."

April 1879The Kid shows up before the cool jury and also testifies that Jimmy Dolan and also Billy Campbell eliminated Chapman. In return, "I will certainly let you walk scot cost-free with a pardon in your pockets because that all her misdeeds," wallace speak the Kid. After having actually seen the Kid interact with the public, Wallace realizes what a famous figure he is.

Dolan and Campbell space indicted for murder and Jesse Evans is called an accessory. In all, more than 200 indictments room returned versus 50 men. Yet only a few would ever come close come going to trial -- many took advantage of the governor"s amnesty or were released ~ above writs the habeas corpus. Rather disappeared. Those with ties to the Santa Fe Ring, such together Dolan, Peppin, and also Dudley, won acquittals or had the charges dropped. ~ Dudley"s acquittal the son leaves town.

Summer 1879The kid rides to new Mexico, showing up in ras Vegas where, according to his girlfriend Henry Hoyt, the child dines with infamous Missouri outlaw Jesse James.

Early 1880Back in brand-new Mexico, the child poses awkwardly for the just photo ever before taken the him. Billy"s lover Paulita Maxwell later cases that she never liked the picture, claiming the does not do him justice.

January 10, 1880In a saloon in ft Sumner, the son shoots and also kills a local drunk during an argument.

November 27, 1880A posse monitor the Kid and his gang back to a ranch in between Vegas and White Oaks wherein a gun battle breaks out. A renowned White Oaks blacksmith, Jim Carlyle, is shoot while beginning the house to discuss terms of surrender through the Kid. Both sides blame the other for Carlyle"s death.

December 3, 1880J. H. Koogler, the editor and also publisher of the ras Vegas Gazette, posting an editorial in i m sorry he describes the son for the an initial time as "Billy the Kid." Koogler proceeds writing articles that embellish the Kid"s exploits, help promulgate the Kid"s reputation as a western outlaw.

December 12, 1880The boy writes branch Wallace and also vigorously denies the he or any type of of his guys shot Jim Carlyle. Regardless of the Kid"s pleas that innocence, Wallace publishes a an alert in the new Mexico newspapers three days later. "$500 Reward. An alert is hereby given that five hundred dollars reward will certainly be paid for the delivery of Bonney alias "The Kid" come the sheriff the Lincoln County."

Five job later, Sheriff beat Garrett and also his men ambush the Regulators after luring them back to town with false information. But the son escapes back to his hideout with many of his corridor intact.

December 23, 1880Garrett"s males track under the Kid"s hideout and surround the one-room, stone house. After ~ a day of banter in between the Kid and Garrett, the Kid and his guys surrender, allegedly attracted out by the aroma of bacon and beans native Garrett"s posse.

Over the next few days -- ~ a soulful goodbye come his sweetheart, Paulita Maxwell -- Garrett brings the boy to ras Vegas, whereby he is the speak of the town.

December 28, 1880The Las vegas Gazette publishes a jailhouse interview with the Kid. In it the boy is quoted as saying, "What"s the use of spring on the gloomy next of everything? The laugh"s ~ above me this time."

April 8, 1881The trial for the murder of Sheriff Brady begins in Santa Fe. Albert Jennings Fountain, who had actually written scalding editorials ~ above Billy"s previous gang, is preferred to represent the Kid.

After just two work of testimony, both sides of the instance rest. The jury return a guilty verdict for first degree murder, and the boy is sentenced to die on might 13.

He will certainly be the only person convicted for any type of crimes indigenous the Lincoln ar War.

April 28, 1881While awaiting execution in the Lincoln jail, the child asks his guard to take him to the toilet. During the trip, the kid gains possession the the guard"s gun and kills him. Indigenous Sheriff Garrett"s office, the kid then take away a 10-gauge shotgun, takes aim out a jailhouse home window at the second guard that is walking across the street, and kills him. The kid knocks the shackles turn off his legs with a pickax and flees on a steal horse.

The next day, native of the Kid"s escape inspires hundreds of news stories and pulp articles roughly the world.

July 14, 1881Sheriff Garrett and his two best deputies on slide into ft Sumner in the beforehand evening come look because that the son after reportedly hearing a rumor that Paulita Maxwell to be pregnant through the Kid"s child. Close to midnight the men enter the door of the Maxwell house and also stand on the porch. Garrett beginning Pete Maxwell"s room, sitting close to the head that the bed. The Kid, spotting the deputies ~ above the porch, pulls his gun native his waistband and also whispers, "Quien es?" together he backs towards Maxwell"s door. Maxwell whispers to Garrett, "El es" , and Garrett pulls the end his gun and fires twice, killing the Kid.

July 15, 1881A coroner"s jury rules the the Kid"s fatality was justifiable homicide. In the afternoon a procession complies with the wagon carrying the coffin to nearby Fort Sumner cemetery. The child is hidden near 2 of his fallen brethren.

August 1881By railroad and telegraph lines, news that the Kid"s fatality travels global as The Times of London operation a reprint that his obituary. Garrett receives global acclaim and also the Kid"s story provides headlines in hundreds of newspapers.

Early 1882Pulp novel "The authentic Life the Billy The Kid" immortalizes Billy the boy in legend. Back the author shows up as play Garrett, a newspaper reporter ghostwrites the book, which is more myth than fact.

1907Writer O. Henry bases his western-hero fictitious character The Cisco son on Billy the Kid. The Cisco kid will appear dozens of time in books, radio programs, and also movies, ending up being a cultural icon throughout the six-season television series "The Cisco Kid" in the 1950s.

1926Walter Noble Burns publishes the book "The Saga that Billy the Kid," showing Billy the kid as a hero. The book instantly gains extensive popularity and becomes a publication of the Month club offering.

Billy concerns epitomize the romantic Old West together the wild American frontier proceeds to shrink.

1930Burns" publication is turned right into a movie, certification Johnny Mack Brown together Billy the Kid. In the movie, Brown dead the yes, really pistols the belonged come Billy the boy loaned to the studio by william S. Hart. The movie is so renowned that it will be remade in 1941.

1940sWoody Guthrie, most known for the track "This land is your Land," records the tune "Billy the Kid" in his series Buffalo Skinners: The Asch Recordings.

April 1940The Kid"s Tombstone is set in location in ft Sumner, new Mexico. Skip his birth name, the tombstone depicts his name together "William H. Bonney." In the decades following the placement, the tombstone will certainly be stolen twice. Today, the whole gravesite is fastened in a steel cage.

May 7, 1958In The Left-Handed Gun, Paul Newman plays Billy the son as a madman.

September 10, 1960The Tall Man series premieres top top NBC showing fictionalized stories about Pat Garrett and Billy the Kid set in brand-new Mexico. The series will last for 75 episodes and also captivate American audiences throughout the country.

1961One-Eye Jacks stars Marlon Brando who character is based upon the Kid.

1970Michael Ondaatje"s "The accumulated Work that Billy the Kid: Left-handed Poems" wins the branch General"s compensation for experimental poetry. Defined as historiographic metafiction, the text includes poetry, prose, and images native both historical and pop-culture sources. Following the outstanding reception by critics, the job-related was adjusted into a play in 1973.

1973The movie Pat Garrett and Billy the Kid premieres through Bob Dylan giving the soundtrack and also an identically titled album.

August 14, 1988Young Guns stars Emilio Estevez together the Kid, mixing facts and myth, and also reigniting Billy the kid fever. A crate office success, the movie functions Charlie Sheen, Kiefer Sutherland and Lou Diamond Philips. Young weapons II will follow in 1990.

May 2005The skeletal of man Miller, among several males who declared to be Billy the Kid, room disinterred in Arizona. Scientists compare the DNA through samples indigenous blood believed to be from the actual Billy the Kid. No check results have actually been make public, yet in 2008 a lawsuit will certainly be filed to release the findings.

December 31, 2010Governor bill Richardson of new Mexico, who had actually been considering a posthumous pardon for Billy the kid on the premise that it would follow v on the purported 1879 promise make by branch Lew Wallace, announces ~ above his last day in office the he will not pardon McCarty. The cites "historical ambiguity."

June 26, 2011The just existing tintype the Billy the child sells because that $2.3 million in ~ an auction in Colorado. The buyer, a 71-year-old businessman from Florida called William Koch, likewise owns guns once belong to general george Custer and Jesse James. That plans to screen the photo just in a couple of small museums.

See more: Can You Overdose On B12 Pills, Six Possible Side Effects Of Vitamin B Overdose

2012Billy the son holds the record for the many motion photos made ~ above a solitary individual in filmmaking history.