The Cullinan, the biggest gem high quality diamond ever before found, was discovered at the Premier Mine ~ above 26th January 1905. The rough diamond was virtually flawless and also named the Cullinan in honour the Sir cutting board Cullinan, the founder that the Premier Mine, that was visiting that really day. Louis Botha, premier the the Transvaal, persuaded his government to purchase the diamond because that approx. United state $1 million and also presented it come England’s King Edward VII together a token of thanks for granting Transvaal its very own constitution.

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The Cullinan to be handed to Amsterdam’s residence of Asscher to polish. The diamond was separated into 9 major gemstones, 96 smaller sized stones and about 19.5cts the unpolished pieces. The two biggest gems were retained for brother regalia and also the remainder went to Asscher together payment. King Edward bought among the major gems because that his consort, Queen Alexandra. The Transvaal government bought the remaining stones and pieces, and presented the other 6 major gems to Queen mar in 1910. 2 of the little stones were presented come Louis Botha, who provided one come his daughter as soon as she turned 17.


Weight: 10.73ct polished, one of two diamonds cut from 21.25ct the roughShape: Oval BrilliantColour: YellowClarity: UnknownOrigin: north Cape, south Africa

The Eureka was discovered per opportunity by a 15-year-old boy, Erasmus Jacobs, top top the south bank of the Orange River close to Hopetown, Kimberley in 1867 and later handed it come his neighbour, farmer Schalk valve Niekerk, who was a collector of inexplicable stones. Valve Niekerk entrusted the stone to man O’Reilly, a travel peddler, who sent out it in one unsealed envelope to Dr. W.G. Atherstone the Grahamstown, among the few people that knew anything around minerals and also gems. Dr. Atherstone determined the rock as a 21.25ct brownish-yellow diamond and was offered to sir Phillip Wodehouse because that GBP 1,500.


Weight: 47.75ct polished, 83.50ct roughShape: Pear shape BrilliantColour: UnrecordedClarity: UnrecordedOrigin: Zandfontein Farm, southern Africa

At 530.20 carats the Cullinan I, or Star that Africa diamond is the largest cut diamond in the world. Pear shaped, with 74 facets, it is set in the royal sceptre (kept v the other crown jewels in the Tower the London). The was reduced from the 3,106 carat Cullinan, the largest diamond crystal ever found. The Cullinan was found by Frederick Wells, a mine superintendent in Transvaal, southern Africa in 1895 on an inspection tour of the Premier Mine. The Cullinan was cut by Joseph Asscher and company of Amsterdam, that examined the enormous crystal for around six months before determining just how to division it. It eventually yielded nine significant and 96 smaller brilliant-cut stones. Once the Cullinan was an initial discovered, details signs said that it could have been component of a much larger crystal, yet no exploration of the ‘missing half’ has ever been authenticated.


Weight: 45.52ctShape: Oval BrilliantColour: Dark BlueClarity: reported FlawlessOrigin: Unknown but thought to originate native India

Widely considered the most well known diamond in the world, the hope Diamond receives its surname from Henry thomas Hope and also was uncovered centuries earlier in the southern region of India. Long prior to the fabled poor luck connected with that owners, the expect Diamond has actually an illustrious history. That was thought to have a great mystical strength that surrounding this unusual size and also unique colour, a deep indigo blue. The Hope was reputedly used to adorn the statue the a Hindu idol.

In 1642, the famed Blue Tavernier Diamond native Europe remained in the hands of King louis XIV who had it cut to carry out its brilliance. Later, the diamond was uncovered stolen during the French Revolution. For many decades, the expect Diamond might not it is in found. It to be rumoured, follow to legend, jewellers and also thieves had actually previously gained the stone. Part say, those who owned the blue stone, had actually some type of earlier luck linked with them where they went.

At the turn of the century, in 1911, the diamond was purchased through a young American socialite heiress named Evalyn Walsh McLean that bought the hope Diamond from Cartier for US$185,000. This gift was offered to Evalyn by she husband Ned, that owned the Washington Post and Cincinnati Enquire newspapers. ~ time, Evalyn ended up being convinced the the true strength of the hope Diamond came from the joy and awe which filled the deals with of those who gazed upon it. Mrs McLean to be the longest personal owner and she owned the diamond for 36 years till her death in 1947.

Harry Winston purchased the expect Diamond from she estate in 1949, and 9 years later it was provided to the Smithsonian institute in Washington D.C.


Weight: 995.2ct roughOrigin: Jagersfontein Mine, southern Africa

Probably the second largest rock ever found. A high clarity, blue-white stone, uncovered in 1893 through a southern African mine worker who picked it the end of a shovel complete of gravel. Because of its rarely often, rarely shape, it was cut into 21 sleek stones, of i m sorry the largest is a marquise that 69.80 carats. A smaller, 18 carat marquise stone cut from the Excelsior was presented at the 1939 world Fair through De Beers.

The form of the rock was the end of the ordinary: flat on one side and rose to a height on the other, somewhat prefer a loaf of rye bread. That is thought that this is what motivated the diamond to be called ‘Excelsior’, definition higher.


Weight: 968.90ct roughOrigin: Yengema, Sierra Leone

Discovered top top 14th February 1972, the Star that Sierra Leone is the 3rd largest stormy diamond discovered, and the largest alluvial gen diamond ever found. Take care of Winston purchase the stormy diamond in October 1972, however it was not reduced until respectable 1973. The diamond to be originally cut into a 143.02ct Emerald cut, however upon close examination it revealed inclusions. The diamond was recut right into seven smaller stones, the largest of i beg your pardon weighs 32.52ct.

Weight: 545.67ct polishedColour: Yellow

The golden Jubilee is the largest faceted diamond in the world, weighing 545.67 carats. Gabi Tolkowsky, who also designed the 273.85 carat Centenary Diamond, designed the stone. The golden Jubilee was purchased native De Beers by a syndicate of Thai organization men, and also presented come the King the Thailand in 1997 for his gold Jubilee, the 50th anniversary that his coronation.

Weight: 407,48ct roughOrigin: Mbuji Mayi District, autonomous Republic the Congo

Weighing 407.48 carats, the Incomparable is the third largest diamond ever before cut, surpassed only by the Cullinan 1 and the gold Jubilee. The stone is impressive for the internally perfect clarity, its unexplained triangular shape, called a ‘triolette’, and also its an elaborate brownish-yellow colour.

The Incomparable was found in the Mbuji Mayi district of the democratic Republic that Congo (formerly well-known as Zaire), practically a decade prior to the Millennium Star was discovered in the same region.

Weight: 273.85ct polished, 599ct roughShape: Pear ShapeColour: DClarity: FlawlessOrigin: Premier Mine, southern Africa

The Centenary was found on 17th July 1986 by the electrical X-ray recovery system at the Premier Mine. Only a handful of world knew about it and also all were sworn to silence. In that rough type it resembled an rarely often, rarely matchbox v angular planes, a influential elongated horn jutting out at one corner and a deep concave on the largest flat surface. The shape of the rock expressed difficulties in cutting through no obvious solution.

De Beers unveiled the Centenary Diamond, the world’s 2nd largest modern-cut perfect diamond, top top the company’s 100th date of birth in 1988. In ~ 273.85 carats, this stone is amazing for its numerous facets: 164 on the rock and 83 ~ above the girdle. The rock was cut from a 599ct flawless rough diamond and was found in the famous De Beers team Premier Mine, birthplace to plenty of other famous diamonds such together the Cullinan and the love of Eternity. The Centenary is the largest contemporary fancy cut diamond in the world and the only one to incorporate the oldest techniques – such as kerfing – with the most sophisticated modern technology in cutting.

Weight: 245.35ct polished, 650.80ct roughShape: Cushion CutColour: EClarity: VVS2Origin: free State, south Africa (Originally known as the Orange complimentary State)

The Jubilee Diamond was uncovered by employees in the Jagersfontein Mine in 1895 and also weighed 650.80ct rough. At first named the Reitz Diamond, at the moment it was the world’s second largest known diamond. Currently, it is the sixth biggest diamond ever before discovered. The diamond was cut into two huge diamonds of exceptional colour, clarity and also brilliance. The bigger of the 2 diamonds was called the Jubilee in honour of the sixteenth anniversary the Queen Victoria’s coronation. A consortium of London diamond merchants consisting of the firms of Wernher, Beit & Co., Barnato Bros. And Mosenthal boy & Co. Obtained the Jubilee in addition to the Excelsior.

Weight: 234.65ctOrigin: De Beers Mine, Kimberley southern Africa

Not long after the formation of De Beers Consolidated Mines limited in in march 1888, a large light yellow octahedral decision was discovered in the De Beers Mine. The gem sweet 428.50 old carats (old carats being the pre-1913 non-metric carat) and also measured 47.6 mm through its longest axis and 38.1 mm square. Excluding Victoria, aka the good White or Jacob, the source of which remains doubtful, the De Beers to be the largest diamond uncovered at the four mines at Kimberley throughout that time period.

Weighing 234.65 carats, the De Beers is the seventh biggest faceted diamond in the world, not including the Nizam, a now-lost stone which is stated to have actually been just partially cut. It isn’t well-known where the De Beers was cut, but because of the pre-eminence together a cutting center at the time it is really likely the the work-related was brought out in Amsterdam.

After its display screen in Paris, the Maharaja of Patiala bought the De Beers. In 1928 Cartier the Paris set it together the centrepiece the a ceremonial necklace that happened known together the Patiala Necklace. Sometime during the 1930′s the diamond was gained by its current owners who loaned that in 1973 for an exhibition in Israel.

Weight: 203.04ct polished, 777ct rough

A near perfect diamond, weighing a wonder 777 carats in the rough, drops into the hands of an alluvial digger indigenous a tiny village. He ideologies a De Beers diamond buyer stationed adjacent and selling the wonder stone. After number of years that deliberation, the reduced is decided, yielding 203.04 carats that stunning, internally and externally perfect pear-shaped stone. It is the 2nd largest faceted D-Flawless diamond in the world; the 273.15 carat Centenary Diamond is the first. The Millennium Star is arguably the many beautiful diamond in the world, and one which specialists have declared priceless.

The Millennium Star is the centrepiece that the company’s restricted Edition Millennium Diamonds collection, i beg your pardon further is composed of 11 extremely unusual blue diamond’s cut into a selection of shapes, having a total weight that 118 carats.

Weight: 142.90ct polished, 726ct roughOrigin: Elandsfontein, Pretoria south Africa

Discovered top top 16th January 1934 through Mr. Jonker, this diamond was sold to sir Ernest Oppenheimer because that the tantamount of united state $700,000. The unstable diamond surrendered 12 beautiful stones, the largest of i m sorry is surname the Jonker and weighs 142.90ct.

Weight: 137.02ct polished, 353.9ct roughShape: Pear ShapeColour: DClarity: FlawlessOrigin: Premier Mine, south Africa

Weighing 137.02 carats, the Premier Rose is among the biggest D-colour flawless diamonds in the world. In in march 1978 the Premier Mine in south Africa, the mine that created the 1,306 carat Cullinan Diamond, succumbed yet an additional remarkable diamond, triangular-shaped cleavage the the best colour, weighing 353.9 carats. Favor an previously gem discovered at the Premier, the Niarchos, this one as well travelled ideal through the miscellaneous stages of mining recovery just to arise at the final one, the grease table in the restore plant.

Weight: 128.54ct polished, 287.42ct roughShape: Cushion CutColour: YellowOrigin: Kimberley, south Africa

The Tiffany Yellow Diamond, one of the largest sophisticated yellow diamonds ever before discovered. It sweet 287.42ct in the stormy when found in 1878 in the Kimberley mine in southern Africa, and was reduced into a cushion shape of 128.54cts v 90 facets – 32 more than a classic round brilliant – come maximize that brilliance. It shows up in the ‘Bird ~ above a Rock’, a setup designed in the beforehand 1960s through Jean Schlumberger, lend by Tiffany & Co., new York.

Weight: 128.25ct polished, 426.5ct roughShape: Pear Shape

The diamond weighed 426.5 carats, to be internally flawless, but was contempt chipped, most likely due to call with the mine’s secret crusher. Sir Ernest Oppenheimer thought about that it own the many perfect color of any kind of diamond he had seen, an opinion shared by others who were fortunate enough to view it. In early out course, the unnamed diamond was shipped come London and also in February that 1956 it to be announced by the Diamond Trading firm that a sale of turbulent diamonds totalling GBP 3,000,000 had actually been made to the for sure of take care of Winston Inc. Of new York. At the time this transaction represented the largest single sale ever before made to one of its clients.

Ultimately it succumbed a pear form weighing 128.25 carats, possessing 58 facets, to add 86 facets around the girdle, totalling 144. ~ above February 27th, 1957, the ‘Ice Queen’, together de Haan had nicknamed it, was unveiled come the world. The April 1958 edition of National geographical magazine featured an post on diamonds, in i m sorry the Niarchos’ cutting procedure was shown.

Soon after, the so late Stavros Niarchos, the Greek shipping magnate, to buy the gem because that his climate wife, previously Charlotte Ford, because that a reported us $2,000,000. Members that the Ford household were not polite, referring to the diamond together ‘the Skating Rink’, yet Niarchos continued to be unperturbed, having also bought the two other gems that had actually been fashioned from the original 426-carat rough. For that amount, and also after they were divorced, he was surely entitled to bestow his surname upon the diamond which he generously lent to numerous exhibitions. In 1966 the Niarchos went back to South Africa because that the well known centennial ‘Jewel box 1966′ exhibition. Due to the fact that his fatality in April that 1996, no more information about the Niarchos Diamond has been forthcoming.

Weight: 108.93ct roughShape: brilliant CutColour: UnrecordedClarity: UnrecordedOrigin: India

This diamond to be discovered roughly the 13th Century, however only obtained the name Koh-I-Noor in 1739 when a Persian conqueror, Nadir Shah, take it Delhi and acquired the diamond. He named it Koh-I-Noor meaning ‘Mountain of Light’. The diamond was offered to Queen Victoria in 1850 and also weighed 186ct. In 1852 it was reduced into a round Brilliant weighing 108.93ct. The diamond has been used in the crowns of miscellaneous Kings and also Queens, and also is currently on display screen in the Tower that London.

Weight: approx. 793ct rough

The diamond was uncovered in the 17th Century. It was named after shaman Jehan who developed the Taj Mahal. Its current location stays unknown.

Weight: 69.42ct polished, 240.80ct roughOrigin: Premier Mine

By far the ideal known the Richard Burton’s purchases was the 69.42 carat pear-shape, later to be called the Taylor-Burton Diamond. It was cut from a rough rock weighing 240.80 carats uncovered in the Premier Mine in 1966 and also subsequently purchase by harry Winston. ~ the rough item of 240.80 carats come in brand-new York, bother Winston and also his cleaver, pastor Colon Jr. Learned it for six months. Markings were made, erased and redrawn to display where the rock could it is in cleaved. There came the job appointed because that the cleaving, and also in this instance the usual stress and anxiety that surrounds such an operation was raised by the heat and glare that the television lights that had actually been enabled into the workroom. After ~ he had cleaved the stone, the 50-year-old cleaver said nothing – that reached throughout the workbench for the item of diamond that had separated from it and looked at it with his horn-rimmed glasses for a fraction of a 2nd before exclaiming ‘Beautiful!’. This piece of rough weighed 78 carats was supposed to yield a stone of about 24 carats, when the large piece, weighing 162 carats, to be destined to produce a pear shape whose weight had actually originally been intended to be around 75 carats.

Weight: 55.09ct polished (previously 70ct polished)Cut: action CutOrigin: Kimberley, south Africa

A flawless, 70-carat, step cut, champagne-coloured diamond that was found in the Kimberley Mine, south Africa. It was recut right into this modern-day shape in 1921 native a large, flat rock that was as soon as in the Russian Crown Jewels. In 1958, the rock was again recut by its owners, Baumgold Bros., new York City, to improve the proportions and increase brilliancy. It currently weighs 55.09carats and is valued through the for sure at us $500,000, however is probably worth substantially more. Baumgold Bros. Offered the rock in 1971 come an undisclosed collector.

Weight: 27.64ct polished

This 27.64 carat heart-shaped stone is renowned because that the strongness of its colour, explained by specialists as ‘vivid blue’. The love of eternity was one of 11 rare blue diamond’s unveiled to the human being in January 2000 as component of a special arsenal of De Beers Millennium Jewels. This collection, which also featured the famed Millennium Star, was gathered through the De Beers team over many years to celebrate the new millennium.

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